Second Mate Section 5

EMERGENCIES

SUGGESTED ACTION FOLLOWING COLLISION

1.         Stop engines and obtain an assessment of the situation. (It may be prudent to maintain a few revolutions on the engines to avoid the other vessel from total flooding and possible sinking when the two vessel separate)

2.         Sound the emergency signal and’carry out a head cunt (To check complements for casualties)

3.         Shut all watertight doors and fire doors

4.         Inform the master as soonas possible

5.         Communication officer to standby and obtain weather report and position from chart

6.         Inform engine room and all departments

7.         Order bilge pumps/ballast pumps to commence pumping if damage is below the waterline

8.         Switch on deck lights and not tinder command (NUC) lights and shapes.

9.         Muster damage control parties and detail duties

10.       Prepare survival crafts ard make ready for immediate launch if the situation demands

CHIEF OFFICERS DUTIES FOLLOWING COLLISION

1.         CHECK THE WATER TIGHT INTEGRITY OFTHE SHIP

2.         MACHINERY SPACE WET OR DRY

3.         HEAD COUNT (FOR CASUALTIES)

4.         INVESTIGATE POLLUTION POSSTBILITY

MASTERS LEGAL OBLIGATION

1.         STANDBY TO RENDER ASSISTANCE.

2.         EXCHANGE INFORMATION WITH MASTER/OFFICER INCHARGE OF THE

OTHER VESSEL (GENERAL PARTICULARS AND PORT OF DEPARTURE

AND DESTINATION)

3.         REPORT ACCIDENT TO THE MARINE ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION

BUREAU (MAIB)

4.         MAKE AND ENTRY IN THE OFFICIAL LOG BOOK.

EXTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS FOLLOWING EMERGENCY

1.         Distress/Urgency signal

2.         Exchange information with other vessel.

3.         MAIB

4.         Company, Owners, Charterers

5.         AMVER

6.         Coast Gaurd / MRCC

7.         Agents (port of refuge)

8.         Tugs/Towing

9.         Dry Docking

10.       Weather reports

BEACHING is defined as taking the ground intentionally

Carried out for TWO reasons

1.         To prevent loss of the vessel when damaged below the waterline

2.         When it is the intention to refloat after watertight integrity is restored

IDEAL choice for BEACHING

1.         Operation should be carried out in daylight

2.         Gentle slopping beach

3.         Free of rock preferably, sheltered with little or no current

4.         No surf action

BEACHING PROCEDURE

1.         Take on full ballast before beaching (as this will make the operation of refloating easier)

2.         Approach bow first (unless damage is aft, then stern first) at about 90 to the tide

3.         Consider letting go the weather anchor first (this would tend to prevent the vessel slewing parallel to the beach)

4.         Should the vessel have sustained damage aft then a stern first approach would be desirable. In that case it should be made in the form of a Mediterranean moor, letting go both anchors which may be used to heave the vessel off when the time comes

5.         Antislew wires should be used in conjunction with the anchor

6.         On taking the ground take on more ballast prevent pounding by driving the vessel on

7.         Make a complete sound round all tanks together with a complete sound round the vessels hull to find out depth of water

ANTI POLLUTION MEASURES FOLLOWING EMERGENCY

1.         Plug all scuppers

2.         Repair damage / leaking areas

3.         Pump out/discharge surplus to barges or other vessels.

4.         Transfer internally to other tanks

5.         Organise dispersant chemicals (prior permission to be obtained from local authorities)

6.         Organise an antipollution barrier

7.         List/trim vessel to bring damage over water line.

RECOVERY OF A LIFE BOAT IN HEAVY WEATHER

Preparation

1.         Secure a wire pendant to an accessible point on the davit arm

2.         Care to be taken and ensure that all the materials used are of sufficient-strength to

accept the weight of a fully laden-boat

3.         The boat falls should be retrieved at deck level and the nylon strop schakled to the linkage of the floating block

Hoisting

1.         Lower the falls to the boat

2.         Attach the nylon strop to the Iiftiig hook on the fore and aft of the boat

3.         Lift the boat off the wãtèr and attach the hanging off pendant on top of the nylon strop

on the lifting hook

4.         This will transfer the weight off the nylon stop on to the hanging off wire pendant

Transferring of weight

1.         This can be only achieved if the hanging off pendant is long enough to reach the

lifting hook when the floating blocks are hard up at the davit head

2.         Once this is achieved either cut the strop at the hook or unshackle at the other end

Stowage

1.         Continue to walk back on the falls

2.         Connect the falls on to the lifting hook

3.         Detach the wire pendant at the davit arm and secure boat

4.         When lowering the boat next time detach the wire pendant from the lifling hook.

CASTING OFF A BOAT WHEN THE PARENT VESSEL IS MAKING WAY

1.         Once the boat falls has been released and the boat is held on the painter push the tiller toward the ships side

2.         This action effectively gives the boat a SHEER

3.         Keep the painter taut until the boat reaches a point of maximum sheer

4.         Then briefly alter the position of the tiller so that the bow cants inwards towards the parent vessel

5.         The result of this action will be for the painter to become temporarily slack which will permit its easy slipping

6.         Push tiller towards the ship side again and gain sea room

PREPARATION FOR A LOAD LINE SURVEY

1.         Check that all access openings at ends of enclosed structures are in good conditions. All dogs, clamps and hinges to be free and well greased. All gaskets and water-tight seals should be crack free. Ensure that the doors open from both sides

2.         Check all cargo hatches and access to holds for weather tightness

3.         Check the efficiency and securing of portable beams

4.         If portable wooden hatch covers are used check that they are in good condition

5.         If tarpaulins are used at least two should be provided for each hatch and in good condition

6.         Inspect all machinery space opening on exposed deck

7.         Check that any manholes and flush scuttles are capable of being made watertight

8.         Check that all ventilator openings are provided with efficient wethertight closing appliance

9.         All airpipe should be providedwith satisfactory means for closing and opening.

10.       Inspect any cargo ports below the freeboard deck and ensure that all of them are watertight

11.       Ensure that non return valves on overboard valves are operating in a satisfactory manner

12.       Side scuttles and openings below the freeboard deck must have efficient internal watertight deadlights

13.       Check that all freeing ports are in satisfatoiy conditions

14.       All guard-rails and bulwarks should be satisfactory condition

15.       Derust and paint the deck line, loadline marks, load line and the draught mark

MARPOL

SPECIAL AREAS FOR DISCHARGE OF OIL

1.         Mediterranean Sea

2.         Baltic Sea

3.         Black Sea

4.         RedSea

5.         Persian Gulf

6.         Gulf of Aden

7.         Antarctic Area

REGULATION 9 (ANNEX I)

CONTROL OF DISCHARGE OF OIL

Any discharge of oil into the sea is prohibited except when the following conditions are satisfied:-

For an oil tanker

1.         The tanker is not within a special area

2.         The tanker is more than 50 nautical miles from the nearest land

3.         The tanker is proceeding en route

4.         The instantaneous rate of discharge of oil content does not exceed 30 litres per nautical mile

5.         The total quantity of oil discharged into the sea does not exceed for existing tankers 1/15000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed part and for new tankers 1/30000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed a part

6.         The tanker has in operation an oil discharge monitoring and control system and a slop tank arrangement

From a ship of 400 tons gross tonnage and above other than an oil tanker and from machinery spaces bilge’s excluding pump-room bilge’s of an oil tanker unless mixed with oil cargo residue

1.         The ship is not within a special area

2.         The ship is proceeding en route

3.         The oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 parts per million.

4.         The ship has in operation a) 400-1000 tons gross tonnage an oil filtering equipment

5.         above 1000 tons gross tonnage an oil filtering equipment with arrangements for an alarm

system and for automatically stopping any discharge of oily mixture when the oil content of the effluent exceeds 15 parts per million

OIL RECORD BOOK

Every oil tankerof 150 tons gross tonnage and above and every ship of 400 tons gross tonnage and above other than an oil tanker shall be provided with an Oil Record Book Part I (Machinery Space Operations).

Every oil tanker of 150 tons gross tonnage and above shall be provided with an Oil Record Book Part II (Cargo/Ballast Operations).

The Oil Record Book shall be completed oa each occasion or a tank to tank basis if appropriate whenever any of the following operations take place in the ship:

(a) for machinery space operations (all ships)

1.         Ballasting or cleaning of oil fuel tanks

2.         Discharge of dirty ballast or cleaning water from tanks

3.         Disposal of oily residues

4.         Discharge overboard or disposal otherwise of bilge water which has accumulated in machinery space

(b) for cargo/ballast operations (oil tankers)

1.         Loading of oil cargo

PREPARATION FOR A CARGO SHIP SAFETY EQUIPMENT SURVEY

1.         Inspect all the lifeboat stores and equipment. Overhaul and renew as necessary

2.         Inspect the lifeboats pay particular attention to buoyancy material and check that the bottom boards and thwarts are not cracked. Repaint the ship’s name and port of registry

3.         Thoroughly over haul davits, winches and blocks and grease all moving parts. Renew or ‘end for end’ the falls

4.         When the boats are in water run any lifeboat engines both ahead and astern

5.         Check that the inflatable liferafts have been serviced within the last 12 months

6.         Inspect the survival craft portable radio equipment

7.         Over haul the lifebuoys especially the self ignighting lights and check that they are correctly located

8.         Examine the life jackets andcheck they are correctly distributed

9.         Check expiry dates of pyrotechnics

10.       Test the emergency lighting system

11.       Check fire control plans are posted and still legible

12.       Test the fire/smoke detection system

13.       Test and try out the fire pump including theemergency fire pump

14.       Checks fire hoses, nozzles and applicators are in good conditions

15.       Test ajid overhaul the fixed firefighting system

16.       Overhaul portable and non portable fire extinguishers

17.       Confirm that all remote bontrols are operable

18.       Overhaul any applicable closing aftangement for ventilators, skylits; doors, funnel spaces and tunnels

19.       Overhaul the fireman’s outfit and recharge the compressed air B.A

20.       Inspect the pilot ladders, pilot hoists if carried

21.       Navigational equipment is also surveyed

***(CARRY OUT CHECKS AS PER THE RECORD OF INSPECTION FORM ON THE BACK OF THE SEQ CERTIFICATE)***

2.         Internal transfer of oil cargo during voyage

3.         Unloading of oil cargo

4.         Baflasting of cargo tanks and dedicated clean ballast tank

5.         Cleaning of cargo tanks including crude oil washing

6.         Discharge of ballast except from segregated ballast tank

7.         Discharge of water from slop tanks

8.         Closing of all applicable valves or similar devices after slop tank discharge operations

9.         Closing of valves necessary for isolation of dedicated clean ballast tanks from cargo and

stripping lines after slop tank discharge operations

10.       Disposal of residues

CARGO RECORD BOOK

Regulation 9 of ANNEX II to MARPOL 73 states that the Cargo Record Book must be completed, on a tank to tank basis, whenever any of the following operations are carried out:

1.         Loading

2.         Discharging

3.         Cargo transfer

4.         Transfer of residues to a slop tank

5.         Tank cleaning

6.         Transfer from slop tank

7.         Ballasting of cargo tanks

8.         Transfer of dirty ballast water

9.         Any permitted discharge into the sea

GARBAGE SPECIAL AREAS

1.         Mediterranean Sea

2.         Baltic Sea

3.         BlackSea

4.         RedSea

5.         Persian Gulf

6.         North Sea

7.         Antarctic Area

8.         Wider Caribbean

CLASSES OF GARBAGE

1.         Plastics

2.         Floating dunnage lining and packing material

3.         Ground down paper products, rags glass, metal, bottles, crockery, etc.

4.         Piper products, rags, glass, metal bottles, crockery, etc.

5.         Food Waste

6.         Incinerator Ash

GARBAGE IMSPOSAL

OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREAS

No plastics

Floating materials – more than 25 nautical miles

Food, crockery, bottles, rags, meal cans, etc. – more than 12 nautical miles

Food, crockery, etc., comminuted to pass 25 mm screen – more than 3 nautical miles

INSIDE SPECIAL AREA

Food waste – more than 12 nautical miles

IN WIDER CARIBBEAN REGION Food waste comminuted to pass 25 mm screen — more than 3 nautical miles

MASTERS HANDING OVER DOCUMENTS

1.         Certificate of Registry (64 shares, 1st Master signs it)

2.         Official Log Book (RGS, Name of ship, Port of registry, Official Number, Gross Tonnage, Registered Tonnage, Certificate Number of Master, Owners name and address, Date opened / closed)

3.         Safety construction certificate (must have a TYPE TESTED MAGNETIC COMPASS Before issuing this certificate) (VALIDITY -5 YEARS)

4.         Safety radio telegraphy certificate (VALIDITY – 1 YEAR)

5.         Safety equipment certificate ( VALIDITY – 2 YEARS) (Record of Inspection)

6.         Load line certificate (VALIDITY- 5 YEARS)

7.         De-Rat exempt certificate (YALIDITY- 6 MONTHS)

8.         International Oil Pollution and Prevention (VALIDITY – 5YEARS)

9.         Manning certificate

10.       Register of lifting appliance and cargo gear

11.       Tonnage certificate (Panama/Suez)

12.       Anchor and cable certificate

13.       Certificate of Iirnitd liability

14.       Ships articles

15.       Discharge book if held

16.       Ships accounts and money

17.       Cargo plan & details (Manifest)(hazardous, heavy lifts, valuables):

18.       Sea worthy certificate (Passenger vessels) (VALIDITY – 1 YEAR)

19.       Crew list and certificate of competency if held

20.       Safety Management Certificate

21.       Document of Compliance (copy only)

(all in bold required by do when handing over in addition, the ships plans, soundings of all tanks, defect list, particular cautions.)

SOLAS

Fire Fighting Appliance (cargo ships)

Capacity of fire pumps (Total required capacity not more than 180 m3/hr)

•           Each fire pump (other than Emergency fire pump) shall have a capacity not less than 80 % of total required capacity divided by minimum no of required fire pumps but in any case not less than 25 m3/hr

•           Each pump capable of delivering at least 2 required jets of water.

•           G/S, Bail, Bilge pumps accepted as fire pumps provided:

1.         Not normally used for pumping oil.

2.         If used occasionally have suitable changeover arrangements fitted.

Emergency Fire pump:

•           Capacity not less than 40 % of total required capacity of the fire pumps but in any case not less than 25 m3 / hr.

•           Capable of delivering 2 jets of water with minimum pressure (at a 3rd hydrant — not a SOLAS requirement) not less than2.l bar.

•           Diesel power source of pump started in cold condition of 0. C by hand or by power at least 6 times within a period of 30 minutes and at least twice within 1st 10 minutes.

•           Tank to have sufficient fuel for at least 3 hours and reserve fuel outside main machinery, space to allow the pump to run for additional 15 hours.

(Total suction head and the net positive suction head of the pump to be such that they will provide for the required capacity and. pressure under all conditions of list, trim, roll and pitch likely to be encountered in service)

•           No direct access between engine room and emergency fire pump. If access provided, through and air lock.

•           Isolation valves in tankers to be fitted on the fire main on poop and tank deck at interval not more than 40 meters to pressure integrity of fire main system.

(Diameter of fire main sufficient for maximum discharge from 2 pumps operating simultaneously except for cargo ships the diameter need be sufficient for a discharge of 140 m3 /  hour.

Fire hydrants:

•           Number and position such that at least two jets of water not from the same hydrant can reach any part of the ship.

•           One shall be from a single length of a hose.

•           Engine room hydrant — one on each side and one in tunnel.

Fire hoses:

•           Passenger ships: One fire hose for each hydrant.

•          Cargo ships: One for each 30 meter length of the vessel and one spare but in no case less than 5 in nos.

  • (Length of hose not less than 18 meter if breadth of vessel more than 27 meter then hose length of 27 meter but not more) — not in SOLAS.

Fire nozzles:

•           All nozzles of dual purpose type i.e. spray and jet in corroborating a shut off.

•           Standard nozzle size = 12mm, 16mm and 19mm.

•           For accommodations, and service spaces a nozzle side greater than 12mm need not be used.

•           Machinery spaces more than 19mm need not be used.

CO2 Systems:

•           Cargo spaces: Quantity of CO2 available be sufficient to give a minimum volume of gas equal to 30 % of the gross volume of largest cargo space so protected by the ship.

•           Machinery spaces: Quantity of CO2 available be sufficient to give a minimum volume of gas equal to 40 % of the gross volume of space (excluding casing) or 35 % of the gross volume of space (tncluding casing) For machinery spaces, the fixed piping system shall be such that 85 % of the gas can be discharged into the space within 2 minutes.

•           For the purpose of the above volume of free CO2 shall be calculated at 0.56 m3 / kg.

•           Two separate controls shall be provided for releasing

1.         One control shall be used to discharge the gas from its storage contiiner.

2.         The other to open the valve of the piping which conveys the gas to the protecled space.

Fire extinguishers:

•           All of approved type and design capacity of portable extinguisher not more than 13.5 liters and not less than 9 liters.

•           Spare charges for 100 % of extinguishers.

•           Portable foam applicator consists of an air foam nozzle of an inductor type capable of being connected to the fire main by a fire hose and a portable tank of at least 20 liters.

•           Foam making liquid and one spare tank.

•           Rate of foam 1.5 m3 / minute.

•           One of the portable fire extinguishers intended for use in any space to be stowed outside the entrance.

•           Boiler room:

1.         One set of portable foam applicator unit required.

2.         At least 2 portable fire extinguisher

3.         At least 1 approved foam type extinguisher of capacity 135 liters.

4.         A receptacle containing sand or saw dust impregnated with soda.

5.         Any fixed fire-extinguishing system – e.g. CO2, foam, water spray. Spaces with internal combustion machineiy:

6.         Any fixed extinguishing system.

7.         At least l set of foam applicator unit.

8.         Sufficient number of foam type extinguisher capacity 45 liters plus sufficient number of portable foam so placed that walking distance between extinguishers not more than 10 meters.

•           High expansion foam: (fixed type system in machinery space)

9.         Sufficient to fill the greatest space to be protected at a rate of at least 1 meter in depth / minute.

10.       Produce a volume of foam equal to 5 times the volume of the space.

11.       Expansion ratio of not less than 5 liters/m2/minute.

•           Sprinlklers: Application rate of not less than 5 liters/m2/minute.

Fire mans outfit:

1.         Fire proof protective clothing outer surface waterproof.

2.         Boots .nd gloves of rulbet. or non-cbnductive of electricity.

3.         Rigid helmet.

4.         Electric safety lamp (approved type) minimum burning period 3 hours.

5.         An axe (approved type with cover)

6.         Breathing apparatus.

a.         SCBA at least 1200 liters capacity or capable of functioning for at least 30 minutes. Normal breathing rate 40 liters / minute.

b.         Fire proof line attached to harness.

•           All ships at least 2 fireman’s outfit’s.

•           To carry at least 4 sets of fire mans outfits widely spread. > for tankers.

International shore connection:

•           Outside diameter                    178mm

•           Inside diameter                       64 mm

•           Bolt circle diameter                           132 mm

•           Slots in flange.                       4 holes, 19 mm in diameter

•           Flange thickness minimum.   14.5 mm

•           Bolts and nuts.                        4 nos., each 16 mm in diameter, 50mm in length

•           Washer’s                                 8 nos.

Fixed deck foam systems: (tanker’s — low e.xpansion)

1.         Capable of delivering foam to entire cargo tank deck as well as into a cargo tank if the is ruptured.

2.         Control station outside and away from cargo area and readily accessible, simple and rapid operation.

3.         Rate of foam not less than 0.6 liters/ m2/ minute.

4.         Sufficient supply of foam concentrate to produce foam for at least 20 minutes. (IG system fitted)

5.         Foam supplied through foam monitors and applicators. (1250 liter/mm)

6.         Capacity of any monitors at least 3 liter/m2/minute.

7.         Capacityof appliator not less than 400 liters/minute and throw not less than 5 meter

Inert gas systems: (cargo tank protection.)

•           Maintaining 02 content less than 8 % by volume in any part of cargo tank.

•           Positive pressure at all times.

•           Maitaining 02 content less than 5 % in the IG main

•           System capable delivering IG to cargo tanksat a rate of at least 125 % of the maximum discharge rate.

•           2 blowers : capacity 20000 m3/hr

•           IG: capacity 1000 m3 hr

•           Vacuum : 200 mm wg

•           High pressure: 1200 mm wg

Steering gear: (regulation 29)

•           All ships to be provided with main and auxiliary steering gear, independent from each other.

Main steering gear:

Rudderstock shall be

1.         Adequate strength and capable of steering the ship at maximum ahead speed.

2.         Capable of putting rudder over from 35° one side to 35° other side at its deepest draft and maximum ahead service speed and 35° on either side to 30° on other side in 28 seconds.

3.         Operated by power and designed so as not to incur damage at maximum astern speed.

Auxiliary steering gear:

1.         Adequate strength and capable of steering at a navigable speed.

2.         Capable of putting the rudder 15° one side to 150 the other side in 60 seconds, when vessel at deepest draft and running ahead at ½ maximum ahead service speed or 7 knots whichever is greater.

•           Steering gear control from Navigation Bridge and locally.

•           Auxiliary steering gear controls from locally and if power operated also operable from Navigation Bridge.

•           Steering capability to be regained in not more than 45 seconds after the loss of one power system.

Emergency power: (capable of illuminating)

•           Passenger ships:         not less than 36 hours *

•           Cargo ships:                not less than18 hours *

•           * Navigation bridge, navigation lights, navigation equipment, aldis, whistle, accomodation, alleyway, stairway, machinery space, control stations, radio room, LSA gear, FFA gear, communication.

Tests and drills:

•           Test is within 12 hours of departure.

•           Emergency steering drills once every 3 months.

Pilot  hoists:

Construction-

1.         A mechanical oowered winch with brake.

2.         Two separate falls.

3.         A ladder consisting of a rigid upper part on which the pilot stands and a flexible lower past of a short length of pilot ladder which enables a person to board from or disembark a launch.

•           Hand operating gear in emergencies. .

•           Safety limit switch.

•           Emergency stops (capable to be operated by person in the hoist)

•           Speed of hoist 15 —30 meter’s 1 minute:

•           Hoist securely attached to ships structure not side rails.

•           Falls long enough to do the job and still have 3 times on the drum.

Ladder section —

1.         Rigid part -2.5 meters long.

2.         Non skid steps for safe access and safe hand holds

3.         Spreader with rollers fitted at lower end to roll freely on shipside.

4.         Flexible lower part must be 8” steps long.

•           New hoists subjected to over load test of 2.2 times the working load.

•           Operating test of 10 % over load.

•           Every 6 months regular test rigging and inspection which includes a load test of 150 kgs

•           Entry in ships official log book.

Life saving appliances:

Life buoys:

1.         Length < 100              min no of life buoys = 8

2.         100 < 150                    min no of life buoys = 10

3.         150 < 200                    min no of life buoys = 12

4.         length >200                 min no of life buoys = 14

Requirements:

1.         Outer diameter not more than 800 mm

2.         Inner diameter not less than 400 mm

3.         Constructed of buoyant material.

4.         Mass not less than 2.5 kgs ( MOB not less than 4 kgs)

5.         Support 14.5 kg of iron for 24 hours in fresh water.

6.         Withstand a drop into water from a stowage position to water line in light condition or 30 meter whichever is greater.

7.         Fitted with a grab line not less than 9.5 mm in diameter. Grab line secured at 4 equidistant points. Length not less than 4 times the outside diameter.

•           Painted international orange I highly visible colour.

•           Readily available on both side of vessel. At least one at stern. No permanent securing;

•           At least one buoy on each side fitted with buoyant life line (2 x stow height or 30 meter)

•           Atleast ½ the no of life buoys with SI lights (2 hours)

•           Atleast 2 with smoke floats (I5 minutes)

•           Marked in roman – name and port of registry.

Life jackets:

Requirements -

1.         One for every person oq board + 25 % extra

2.         Fitted with retro reflective tape + life jacket lights (visibility 1 mile)

3.         For children 10 % of the no of passengers on board

Constnction —

1.         Correctly donning within 1 minute.

2.         Capable of wearing inside out

3.         Can jump from a height of 4.5 meters into water

4.         Turn the body of an unconscious person in 5 sec’s

5.         Lifts the mouth 128 nun clear of the water

6.         Fitted with a whistle

7.         Buoyancy not reduced by more than 5% after 24 hour immersion in fresh water

Immersion suits:

Requirements -

1.         Unpacked + donned within 2 minutes

2.         Permit the wearer to climb up and down a vertical ladder at least 5 meter in length

3.         Jump from a height of 4.5 meter into the water

4.         Cover the whole body with exception of face.

5.         Core temperature does not fall more than 2°C after a period of 6 hours in water of temperature 0° – 2° C

6.         Turn the wearer face up in 5 seconds.

•           Provided for every person assigned to crew rescue boat.

•           Cargo ships for each life boat at least 3 suits or if necessary 1 for each person on board

•           TPA for persons on board not provided for by immersion suits.

•           Immersion suits and TPA not required if

7.         Vessel had total enclosed life boats for 100 % of compliment on each side

8.         Free fall life boat for 100 % of compliment

9.         Engaged in warm climates

10.       If vessel less than 85 meters than davit launched life rafts required 100 % of compliment

Rescue boats:

1.         Capable of being launched from stowage position with parent vessel making a headway of 5 knots.

2.         Means of rapid recovery

3.         Capability to maneuver at 6 knots for 4 hours and tow the largest life raft with full compliment at 2 knots.

4.         Function— recover persons from water, marshal survival craft.

5.         In a state of continuous readiness (launching in 5 minutes)

6.         Stowed clear of other survival craft.

Requirements —

1.         Length not less than 3.8 meters.and not more than 8.5 meters.

2.         Capable ofcarrying at least 5 seated persons and 1 lying down.

Additional equipment —

1.         One buoyant line of 50 meter length for towing purpose.

2.         Two buoyant rescue quoits with 30 meter line

3.         Efficient radar reflector or SART.

4.         Water proof 1st aid kit

5.         TPA for 10 % or 2 of the total capacity

6.         A search light

7.         Walkie talkie

Muster and drills:

•           Boats and fire drill once a month

•           Within 24 hours of vessel leaving port if more than 25 % of crew have not participated in a drill in the previous month

•           Passenger ships : muster within 24 hours of embarkation

Training manuals:

Bridge, engine room, crew mess room, officers, mess room.

  • Lifeboats launched and manoeuvred in water once, every 3 months, during a drill.
  • Free fall life boats: if impracticable to launch every 3 months then should be davit lowered every 3 months, provided that the life boats free fall launched at once in 6 months.
  • Rescue boats: launched and manouevred once a month in any case once every 3 rnonths

Onboard training:

•           Use of LSA and FFA to be given to new crew as soon as joining or within 2 weeks.

•           Individual instructions on all ISA within 2 months

•           Use of davit launched life rafts within 4 months

Maintenance and inspection

Lifeboat falls:

•           Turned end for end at inervals not more than 30 months (2 ½ years).

•           Renewed not more than 5 years unless required earlier,

Weekly inspections:

•           All survival craft, rescue boats and launching appliances inspected visually.

•           Engines of life boats thldfesciie boats run ahead and astern, for not less than 3 minutes

•           General emergency alarm (if not done daily)

Monthly inspections:

•           All LSA, lifeboats and rescue boat equipment using checklist provided.

•           Report logged

Servicing of life rafts and HRU (life jackets inflatable, rescue boats inflatable)

•           Every 12 months can be extended for additional 5 months but not more.

•           Disposable HRU’s (HAMAR) 2 years life cycle.

Passenger vessels engaged in short international voyages

•           Life boats for at least 30 % of passenger + life rafts for remaining.

•           In dddition — life rafts for at least 25 % of passenger’s

Passenger ships engaged in international voyages additional requirements:

•           Lifeboats: partially or totally enclosed life boats for 50 % of total complement on each side.

•           Life rafts may be substituted for boats but boats capacity should never be less than 37.5 % of the total compliment

•           Rafts must be davit launched

•           In addition life rafts for 25 % of the compliment

•           Rescue boat one on each side.

Cargo ships additional requirements:

•           Lifeboats one or more totally enclosed on each side for 100 % of compliment.

•           Life rafts to accommodate total no of persons on board if not readily transferable for launching on either side of ship, total capacity on each side for 100 % of compliment

•           If free fall life boat, then life ratsh bn each side fot 100 % of compliment and at least one side of ship to have davit launched rafts.

Vessel less than 85 meter in length

•           Life raft on each side for 100 % complement — if life rafts are not readily transferable then additional life rafts to be provided so that total capacity on each side = 150 % of complement.

•           Rescue boat can be counted for crew.

•           Where survival craft are stowed in a position which is more than 100 meter from stern or stem, she shall carry additional life raft ( 6 person) forward or aft as practicable.

•           Such life rafts are manually operated.

Marking on ljfe rafts:

1.         Name and port of registry of ship (not on container)

2.         Makers name or trade mark

3.         Serial number

4.         Name of approving authority

5.         Capacity

6.         SOLAS

7.         Type of emergency pack ( A — B).

8.         Length of painter

9.         Drop test height (ip.axirnum stowage height above water level)

10.       Launching instructions and last service date

•           Life rafts : capable of staying afloat for a period of 30 days in all sea itions

•           Weak link breaking strain 2.2 + 0.4 kn.

•           HRU automatic release of life raft @ depth of 4 meter.

•           Life boat engines: capable of running to provide a speed of 6 knots for a period of 24 hours — shall have a sufficient fuel to last 24 hours.

•           To be capable of carrying a life raft of 25 person with full complimnt and equipment with a speed of 2 knots.

Marking on the life boats:

1.         Dimensions

2.         Capacity

3.         Name and port of registry of vessel on each side of bow

4.         Lifeboat number on each side of bow and also on top of boat to identify from air.

5.         Retro reflective tape all round at intervals of 12”

Fire protected life boats:

Capable of protecting the persons inside when enveloped in a continuos fire for not less than 8 minutes

Self contained air supply:

To provide breathable air with engines running for a period not less than 10 minutes pressure not less than outside atmospheric pressure and not more than 20 mbs above the outside atmospheric pressure.

Line throwing apparatus:

•           Capable of throwing a line with reasonable accuracy

•           Have not less than 4 projectiles each capable of carrying the line at least 230 mm in calm weather.

•           Include not less than 4 Iine’ of breaking strength 2 Kn.

•           Instructions and diagrams on separation (pains wessex) (schermuly)

Pyrotechnics in life boats and rescue boat and life rafts:

6 hand flares

4 rocket parachutes

2 buoyant smoke floats

Hand flares:

1.         Contained in water tight casing

2.         Instructions and diagram on operating procedure

3.         Burn-bright red colour

4.         Burning period not less than 1 minute (10 seconds in water — submerged 100 meter below water

Parachute flares:

1.         Contained in water tight casing

2.         Instructions and diagram on operation procedure

3.         Reach an altitude of 300 rneter (fixed vertically) and eject paraflare

4.         Burn bright red colour not less than 30000 candelas

5.         Burning period not less than 40 seconds descent not more than 5 meter/ second

Smoke float:

1.         Contained in water tight casing

2.         Instructions and diagram on operation procedure

3.         Emit smoke of highly visible colour (orange) for not less than 3 minutes in calm water.  No flame.

4.         Not suspended in sea way (smoke for 10 seconds if submerged in water)

SOLAS appendix 3

Certificates and documents required to be carried on board ships:

All ships:

1.         Certificate of registry

2.         International loadline certificate

3.         Intact stability—-

4.         Minimum safe manning certificate

5.         Certificate for master, officers, and ratings

6.         International tonnage certificate

7.         Deratting or de-ratting exemption certificate

8.         Oil record book

9.         Cargo ship safety constnsction certificate

10.       Cargo ship equipment certificate

11.       Cargo ship safety radio certificate

12.       D.O.C. With — for ships carrying dangerous cargo

13.       Dangerous goods manifest or stowage plan

•           For passenger ships: including no 1 to no 10 and also

1.         Passenger ship safety certificate                                                        validity: 1 year

•           For ships carrying liquid cargo inbulk: including no 1 to 12 and also

1.         International oil pollution prevention certificate for the carriage of noxious liquids in bulk (NLS certificate)                                                                    validity: 5 years

2.         Cargo record book                                                                  validity: kept for 3 years

3.         Certificate of fitness for carriage of dangerous chemicals/liquefied gasses in bulk                                                                                                                         validity: 5 years

4.         Grain stability booklet for, grain carriers (document of authorization for grain carriage)

5.         International oil pollution prevention (lOP?)                        5 yrs

6.         Certificate of insurance of other financial security in respect of civil liability for oil pollution (CLC)

7.         Noise survey report

8.         Ship board oil pollution emergency plan (SOPEP) vessels response to pollution prevention (VRPP) For oil tankers equal to or more than 100 GRT

Other ships equal to or more than 400 GRT

Under ISM Code:

1.         Document of compliance ismed for every company complying with the ISM code copy of certificate to be held on ship

2.         Safety management certificate issued for every ship, complying with. ISM (also company must comply = DOC)

MGN

-           will provide

1. Advice

2. Guidance

-           in order to improve

1. safety of shipping

2. safety of life at sea

3. prevent or minimize pollution

  • numbered in sequence from MGN I

MIN

-           info for a more limited audience

e.g. info on training establishments

Or equipment manufacturers

Or which will be of use for a short period of time

  • numbered in sequence from MIN 1
  • cancellation date typically 12 months

MSN

-           mandatory info which must be complied with under UK legislation

-           these will relate to SI’s and contain technical detail of such regulations

  • numbered in sequence continuing the present numbers but using the initial letters MSN

Three complimentary series

•           Safety

•           Pollution prevention

•           Other info of relevance to shipping and fish industries

  • Salt Water                                     MSN               White
  • Great Britain                                 MIN                Blue
  • Inert Gas                                       MIN                Green

MIN 37 (M+F)

An investigation into capsize and stability of sailing multi vessels

M1N 38 (M).

Research project 391

Assessment of survival time of damaged Ro-Ro passenger vessels

MIN 39 (M+ F)

Research project 397

Ships specific tagging of oil contaminated discharges

Two types of tagging

1.         Synthetic DNA

2.         Non radio active isotopes

What is tagging — adding an identifying code to oil cargo and fuel

This method was suggested after taking OIL SOURCE IDENTIFICATION Techniques such as hydrocarbon biomarker finger printing

Inconclusive because of

1.         Several ships used to cany the same cargo

2.         Ships took bunkers from the same source

MIN 31 (M+F)

Current on 1st September’98 .

Comprises annual list of MCA notices and includes a subject index.

Shows all MSN’s MIN’s and MGN’s current on 1’ September’98

FSA (formal safety assessment)

Formal safety assessment technique have been developed by the MCA on recommendation of House of Lords committee

MARPOL

•           Will ban organizations in paint by Jan 2003

•           Recommend new testing procedures for monitoring the level of atmospheric pollution from ships

  • North foreland light house in kent was the last manned light house in the UK

Decommissioned (last month — outdated information)

ISM

Objectives:

1.         Observe safe operation of ships

2.         Prevent pollution

3.         Prevent loss of life and damage

4.         Project enviroment

•           Designated person from compare — DPA designated person ashore

•           Master responsible from ship

•           Internal audits

•           Reports non confirmatives NCR – non conformance report

•           Corrective action

•           Log all activities

•           Have tot approved SMS (safety management system)

About cargo stowage:

Weight / area of cargo = loading expression in t/m2

If cargo = 30 t maximum loading of deck = 2.5 t/m2

Then minimum area over which the weight most be spread 30/2.5 = 12 m2

And therefore use good dunnage and safer to add 5 % to the weight when calculating the area.


Containers:

•           Must have safcty approved plate on every approved container stating —

1.         Maximum operating gross weight

2.         Allowable stacking weight

3.         Transverse racking test load valve

Marks on a anchor:

1.         Makers name or initials

2.         Progressive no

3.         Weight

4.         No of certitkate

5.         Letters indicating the certifying authority

Anchor certificate:

1.         Type of anchor

2.         Weight of anchor including crown shackle in kgs

3.         Length of shark in mm

4.         Length of arm in mrn

5.         Weight of head of anchor

6.         No of test certificate

7.         No nd date of drop test

•           Spider band : derrick head

•           Hounds band: mast head for preventer back stays

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