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Master Section 6


1. Damage
  1. Action following a collision or sustaining damage of any kind.
  2. Actions on grounding, methods of refloating, surveys subsequent refloating.
1.1. Vessel aground. What will be actions?
1.2. You have a hole in FO tank. What would you do?
1.3. What parties to be informed in case of aground?
1.4. At 0200 Hrs, your OOW informed that v/I is aground. What are your immediate and follow-up actions?
1.5. What actions will take to refloat the ship?
1.6. All you measures to refloat the vessel is failed. What will you do?
1.7. You are able to refloat the vessel. But your rudder/propeller is damaged. What will you do?
1.8. While aground, you are approached by two tugs, one LOF and other towage contract. Which one you will choose? Why?
1.9. Both offering LOF. Which one will you choose? Will you choose both?
1.10. Rudder/propeller is lost. What is your action?
1.11. Collisions with another vessel: action.
1.12. Hull damage: action, damage control plan.
1.13. No damage: action.
1.14. As a result of collision, you have a hole under the water line of No-1 cargo hold. How would you repair it?
2. Vessel in Distress
  1. Step to be taken when disabled and in distress.
  2. Preservation of passenger and crews in the event of wreck.
  3. Abandoning ship: survival procedures.
  4. Communication with the shore.
Q 2.1 Sequence for sending distress alert. Which one last? Why?
2.2 Wind force 6/7. Every one inside the lifeboat except winchman. How would you take him?
2.3 How will you launch/recover lifeboats in 6/7 wind force?
2.4 What are the Master’s obligation in meting distress situation?
3. Assistance in distress
  1. Assisting a ship or aircraft in distress
  2. Rescuing passengers and crews of a disabled ship or ditched aircraft.
  3. Launching of rescue boat?
Q 3.1 What action will you take after received a distress massage?
1.2 How to proceed to rescue?
1.3 At sea you receive a distress signal 30 miles off what is your action?
1.4 Distress alter 850miles away: will you proceed? Why?
1.5 No survivor after going for rescue: actions.
1.6 25 survivors floating on a survival craft: how will you rescue them? How it an be expedited?
1.7 Distress relay on various frequencies, actions
1.8 A ship in distress requested you to tow her. Are you obliged?
1.9 If you are not obliged, why is it necessary to enter in log book?
1.10 What are the distress frequencies?
1.11 Can you relay a distress message?
1.12 How will you rescue a ship in heavy weather?
1.13 How will you rescue survivors scattered in the water?
4. Bad weather
1. Bad weather maneuvers
2. Precautions at anchor and at sea
3. Use of oil
4. MSC-707
5. TRS
a. Action in TRS.
b. Master’s obligations in TRS
Q 4.1 What is synchronized rolling? What to do when you experience this?
1.2 What are you determine that the ship experiencing synchronized rolling?
1.3 What is synchronized pitching? How would determine? What you would do if you encounter them?
1.4 What is synchronized pitching? How would you determine? What actions will you take?
1.5 Heavy weather to be encountered. What actions will you take?
1.6 Your ETA delayed by 10h, what actions will you take? Under which rule?
1.7 You have received a TRS forecast. What are your actions?
1.8 How will you get position of TRS if your weather fax machine breaks down?
1.9 Despite the evasive, ship entered TRS. What is your actions?
1.10 What is surf riding?
1.11 What is broaching to?
1.12 Suddenly wind force 10 or above: actions
1.13 What is parametric rolling?
1.14 Buys ballot’s law: what is it? Describe.
1.15 What do you know about gale warning signals?
1.16 What is backing?
1.17 What is veering?
5. Ship handling
1. Anchoring and working anchors and cables in all circumstances.
2. Approaching rivers and harbors and maneuvering therein.
3. Approaching off-shore loading points under open sea conditions.
Q 5.1 Your are Chief mate. On arrival the port authority informed you that your berthing is delayed. Master drunk. You have to stay 7 days at anchorage. How would you go about it?
1.2 What factors you will consider while choosing a place for anchoring?
1.3 You have to moor in an SBM. How would you go about it?
1.4 Anchoring: open, standing, running. Which one you will prefer? Why?
1.5 What special instruction you give to OOW when the ship is at anchor in running/standing moor?
1.6 Describe Mediterranean moor.
1.7 Berthing on port side with a strong off-shore wind.
1.8 How would you go alongside on port side?
1.9 What smelling the ground?
1.10 What is squat?
1.11 What is shallow water? What are the effects?
1.12 What are bow cushion and bank suction effects?
1.13 How to clear a foul hawse?
6. Towing and being towed
1. Long distance towage.
7. Navigation in the vicinity of ice
7.1 How will you calculate the amount of possible ice accretion on deck?
7.2 What are the cold weather precautions?
7.3 At sea you have sighted ice. What is your action as a master?
7.4 What are the responsibilities of master as per MSA while navigating in the vicinity of ice?
7.5 before proceeding to ice zone, what will you check as a master?
8. Dry-docking
1. General procedures and precautions and shafting.
2. Distributions of weight.
3. Dry docking with full cargo for inspection for propellers and shafting.
4. Bilge blocks.
5. Leaving a ships waterborne.
6. Putting into a port with damage to ship or cargo: business and technical point of view.
7. Safeguarding of cargo
Q 8.1. How would you prepare your ship for dry docking?
8.2 How would you prepare your ship for dry dock before 3 months?
8.3 What surveys can be done at dry dock?
8.4 You are in a dry dock. Surveyors are nit available to check anchor cables. What would you do?
8.5 You have cargo onboard. You need to go to dry dock for repair. What would you do about it?
8.6 What is critical moment/critical instant? Why is it called critical instant?
8.7 What is critical period?
8.8 Does a submarine have GM? How is a submarine’s GM affected as water level in dry dock goes down?
8.9 What are the things you will check before refloating in dry dock?
8.10 You are in a dry dock. Dock workers went on strike. What would you do as a master?
8.11 What will happen if a negative GM occurs in Dry dock?
8.12 What are the chief officers standing instructions in dry dock?
8.13 What plans do you give to dock master?
8.14 What are the contents of a docking plan?
12.16 Which vessel shall be responsible after one being overtaken by another?
12.17 What is your action in fog:
a) A target appears on the radar, port side of your own.
b) A target appears on the radar, stbd side of your own.
c) When you hear a sound signal from fwd of your vessel
12.18 What is your action when a vessel is crossing you from your stbd side in a TSS?
12.19 What is your action when you see a seismic survey vessel?
12.20 What are the latest amendments if ROR?
12.21 What are the light if a vessel constrained by her draft, under way but not making way?
12.22 Sound signal of a vessel of aground.
12.23 Sound signals of a power driven vessel.
13. distress and pilot signals, penalties for misuse
13.1 What are the penalties for misuse of distress signal? Where do you get it?
14. IALA system of buoys
14.1 You are approaching Japan. What buoy would you like to see first?
14.2 What is an ODAS buoy? What light does it show?
14.3 Your course is 000. You see a north cardinal buoy. What is your action?
14.4 Your course is 045. You see a eats cardinal buoy. What is your action?
14.5 What is the different between region A and region B
14.6 What is special mark?
14.7 What is top mark of an isolated danger?
14.8 What is a preferred channel buoy?
14.9 What is safe water mark?
14.10 What is new danger mark?
14.11 What is the difference between preferred channel mark and lateral mark?
14.12 What is LANBY? Describe its characteristics.
14.13 What do you know about local and conventional direction of buoys?
14.15 What do you mean by flashing, occulting, isophase?
16. Maritime law
1. Registry
2. Article of agreement.
3. Required certificates.
4. De-ratting and de-ratting exemption certificate.
5. Marine circular 6 of 2001
6. Documents and certificates to be carried by Singapore Ships
7. Proceeding to port of refuge.
a. Master’s concern.
b. Under what circumstances.
c. Duties
8. Crew matters:
a. Crew complain.
b. Drunkenness.
c. Disobediency.
9. Re-shipping cargo before dry-docking: who is responsible?
10. Going beyond permitted trading area: actions.
11. Flag change
a. Actions as a master
b. New AOA required?- Yes.
12. LOF and towage.
13. Oil pollution: Evidence required, defenses, CLC certificates.
14. Salvage & towage.
15. Accident report.
16. Master as an agent of necessity
16.1. Your safety equipment certificates will expire very soon. No surveyor available in next port. What would you do?
16.2. What is deratting and deratting exemption certificates? Who issue them? How long is the validity?
16.3. You ship is still at the shipyaed. As a master how can you expedite survey and registry process of the ship?
16.4. Vessel going to load in cold region. Reply within 6Hrs. Able or not? What will you check?
16.5. How will you prove to surveyor that SMS is in operation?
16.6. Which rule empowers the PSC surveyor to survey the ship?
16.7. In any dock, what is master’s major concern?
16.8. What do you mean by ship detained and ship arrested?
16.9. What is P & I club? Given some examples of interested?
16.10. C/Off,Ch/Engr reports that a crew does not go to work. What would you do?
16.11. How will you impose fine on crew member?
16.12. How can a crew member appeal to director?
16.13. Which regulation is MSA deals with crew discipline?
16.14. As a master, what will you do if a crew member dies at sea? (With respect to wages, properties and legal requirements fore the incident)
16.15. How frequently you will have to inspect accommodation?
16.16. What are entries to be made in official log book?
16.17. Some crew members complained about food quality. What would you do? Despite the corrective actions, crew member are not happy. What would you do?
16.18. Before sailing, one crew did not come back. What would you do?
16.19. You arrived port with damage cargo due to heavy weather. What is your action as a master?
16.20. What are the formalities/procedures for arriving place of refuge?
16.21. You ship aground. After refloat, which surveyor to be present in place of refuge? What will you do with the surveyor’s report?
16.22. AS per diver’s report, these is no crack on the hull. Rudder/propeller all right. But the classification society’s opinion, the rudder may slip off in the sea. Who will take decision for repair in this case? Who will select the repair port & workshop? Who will pay?
16.23 .What documents to be kept ready in port for PA & GA?
16.24 .What is archipelagic sea lane?
16.25 .What is innocent passenger? What are you responsibilities while exercising the right of innocent passenger?
16.26 .One crew did not come back in foreign port: action.
16.27. One crew is seriously ill at sea. What will you do?
17. Actions in various situations
17.1 . Lashing of a heavy lift container parted. What is your action?
17.2 . Your vessel suddenly developed a 20 list. What is your action?
17.3 . Engine breakdown in a TSS, actions.
17.4 . At sea DG container leaking. Crews affected. What would you do?
17.5 . What will you do if you see smoke coming out from No2 cargo hold which have class-2 DG cargo inside?
17.6 . What actions before you approach a fog bank?
17.7 What actions will you take in the event of a gyro failure? How will you turn to next course (say, next course is 110Y)?
18. Stability
1. Progressive flooding & angle of flooding, relationship.
2. Damage control plan and booklet.
3. Just after sailing, 8 lost: action.
4. Angle of loll: correction.
5. Minimum stability criteria
a) General cargo
b) Grain
c) Timber
d) Container
6. Windage area.
7. Bilging, flooding, angle of flooding, vanishing stability, guidance for damage control plan.
8. Damage stability.
Q 18.1. What are the intact stability criteria for a ship carrying grain in bulk?
18.2. What is the intact stability criteria for container ship?
18.3. What is the stability criteria of a cargo ship?
18.4. Which one creates fore surface free surface effect, a half filled tank or 80% filled tank?
18.5. How will you use KN and GZ curve?
18.6. How will you calculate GM of ship?
18.7. What is angle of loll? How would you correct it?
18.8. What is VHM related to grain? How would calculate?
18.9. What is free surface effect? How do you calculate it?
18.10. How does the ship loss GM do to FSE of tanks?
18.11. How will you correct a large list?
18.12. Vessel proceeds from dock water to sea water. What will happen to her draft and trim?
18.13. How will you do draft survey of a vessel?
18.14. What does length of a vessel mean in stability?
18.15. What is length over all?
18.16. What do you mean by FP and AP/
18.17. What information you can retrieve from a stability booklet?
19. Tanker operations
1. Various instruments.
2. Main entry into enclosed the spaces.
4. Use, scale and calibration of gas detectors.
Q19.1. Use and calibration of tank explosimeter.
19.2. Use and calibration of tank scope.
19.3. How will you check the presence of dangerous gases?
19.4. What are your main concem as a chief officer if you have never worked on tanker?
20. Bridge procedures
1. Master’s standing orders
2. Master’s night order.
3. Passage planning.
Q20.1. What are the most important thing during taking over a command which you should not forget to ask?
1.2. What is standing order? Is it only for officers or can be for the crews as well?
1.3. As a master, what standing orders you will give to your watch keeping officers?
1.4. How will you check passage plan before commencement of voyage, as a master?
1.5. What instructions you will give to your navigation officer regarding passage planning?
1.6. What instruction you will include in night order?
21. Various regulations:
1. Rules for vessels navigating through Malacca & Singapore strait
2. Various requirements and definitions Dead weight, light weight, ton, tone, Weather deck
1.1. How will you know that your marine circulars are updated?
1.2. What is Polar Code? Is it mandatory?
1.3. What do you know about making ship’s security system?
1.4. What is security level 1, 2,3 ? which one is heights?
1.5. What do you know about marketing of ship’s IMO number?
1.6. What do you know about ship’s security officer?
1.7. What are the fire safety objectives as per MSA?
22. Ship board operations:
1. IMDG cargo: special requirements and constructions.
2. Fumigation.
3. Grain loading.
4. BC Code.
5. Methods of pest control, fumigation of hold and living spaces, safeguard in applying various materials.
22.1. How would you load grain in a general cargo ship?
22.2. How would you load grain in Alaska (cold region)?
22.3. How would you load grain in bulk carrier?
22.4. What is heavy lift? How will you load a heavy lift?
22.5. How would you load heavy lift the load is exceeding the deck load capacity?
22.6. Where will you fined information regarding lashing heavy lift?
22.7. How would you load heavy lift in dry dock?
22.8. How would you load heavy lift if load has exceeded the SWL of cargo gear?
22.9. What is SWL and ‘Breaking Stress’?
22.10. What is ‘proof load’?
22.11. What is ‘maximum securing load’?
22.12. What is ‘tipping angle’ and ‘sliding angle’?
22.13. How to test derricks?
22.14. What are the contains of chain register?
22.15. You have to load 10 IMDG containers as C/O. How would you go about it?
22.16. How many volumes are their in MIDG Code?
22.17. How would minimize the risk of fire of flammable cargo vapor?
22.18. How will you inspect a ballast tank?
22.19. How will you inspect a bunker tank?
22.20. What documents will obtain before loading grain in a bulk carrier?
22.21. How can you load grain without the document of authorization?
22.22. What do you mean by load density? How will you apply it?
22.23. What is factory act? What dose it relate to C/O?
22.24. How will you lash cargo (code of safe practice for cargo stowage and securing).
22.25. How will you minimize the heeling moment and cargo shifting?
22.26. What do you know about grain code? What are the contains of grain code?
22.27. What is a angle of repose? Which one is more dangerous big or small?
22.28. What are contains of BC code?
22.29. Where will you get information regarding cargo securing of a break bulk cargo?
22.30. How will use MIDG Code?
22.31. How will you use MFAG in IMDG code?
22.32. Where will you get information regarding segregation?
22.33. How many classes of dangerous cargos are there?
22.34. How will you control pest in the ship?
22.35. What is the risk assessment? Where do you get it?
22.36. Do a risk assessment for working aloft?
22.37. What do you know about ventilation?
22.38. Outside temperature is 21, hold temperature is 30, will you ventilate?
22.39. What are the precautions of derrick?
22.40. What are the procedures for cargo securing for break bulk cargos? Where will you find it?
23. Non categorized questions
23.1. Take over command as a master.
23.2. Take over as a chief officer.
23.3. What type of anchor you have in your last ship? What is the difference of that anchor with AC14?
23.4. How would you plan deck maintenance as chief officer?
23.5. How would you test your mooring winch?
23.6. What do you know about types and uses of wires?
23.7. How would you let go anchor from bitter end? How would you secure an anchor buoy?
23.8. What are the main parts of a kenter luggless joining shacke? Sketch and explain use of each part.
23.9. What should do to take out the lead pallet after you failed to do it by hammering?
23.10 How do you prepare for anchor station?
23.11. How do you retrieve the anchor if it has been released during an emergency?
23.12. How do you hang off the anchor?
23.13. New third officer joined ship. How will you instruct/guide him on cargo operations as a chief mate?
23.14. How would you condemn a wire?
23.15. What maintenance you will do on anchor and cables?
23.16. How would you take sea bed sample?
23.17. Describe the securing arrangement of an inflatable life raft.
23.18. What do you about rigid life raft?
23.19. What are the IMO publications regarding cargo?
23.20. How do you test crane?
23.21. How will you go about temporary repairs of a damage as a result of collision?
23.22. How will you calculate maximum list for a heavy load?
23.23. What do you know about load diagrams of derricks?
23.24. How will you go about annealing?
23.25. What do you understand by centenary effect of anchor chain?
23.26. What marking you find on an anchor?
23.27. What factor you will consider when passing through various load line zones?
23.28. What items you will check in boat deck about launching crafts?
24. Various conventions:
24.1. STCW-95
1. Chapters no & names.
2. Crew training.
3. Watch keeping.
4. Look out man duty.
5. Rest hours.
6. Call master.
24.1.1. What are the master’s responsibilities as per STCW-95 with respect to:
a. Watch keeping
b. Onboard training
c. Drug alcohol policies.
24.1.2. Describe the watch keeping guidelines under STCW-95.
24.1.3. What are the chapters in STCW-95?
24.1.4. What are the factors effecting the efficiency of a look out?
24.1.5. What is fitness for duty as per STCW-95?
24.1.6. What is fatigue? How to avoid it?
24.1.6. What are chief officer’s responsibilities as per STCW-95?
24.2. SOLAS-2002 View SOLAS full version
1. New amendments CH II-2.
2. New amendments CH-V.
3. Thorough knowledge of CH-V
4. CH-IX.
5. CH-XII.
6. Mater’s obligation.
5. Maintenance of LSA/FFA.
6. Amendments of CH-III.
24.2.1. Mater’s obligation in TRS, heavy weather, ice etc.
24.2.2. What is ‘main vertical zones’?
24.2.3. How many firemen’s outfit to carry on a tanker and a general cargo ship?
24.2.4. How many firemen’s outfit to carry on a tanker 499GT?
24.2.5. Mention the weekly, monthly, quarterly, yearly checks of LSA, FFA. Where will you get them?
24.2.6. What is ‘International shore connection’? What are the dimensions? How many to carry onboard?
24.3. IAMSAR
1. Chapters.
24.3.1. Describe parallel sweep search, expanding square search, sector search.
24.3.2. How will you execute a Williamson turn?
24.3.3. What is an OSC? What are the duties of OSC?
24.3.4. Can a merchant ship be an OSC?
24.3.5. Contents of SITREP.
24.3.6. Define SMC RCC. What are their duties?
24.4. ISM
1. DOC.
2. SMC.
3. Citification.
4. Master’s role in implementation.
24.4.1. What are DOC and SMV? How long they are valid? What is frequency of audit?
24.4.2. What are chief officer’s responsibilities under ISM?
24.4.3. What are master’s responsibilities under ISM?
24.4.4. As a chief officer, how would you take over ISM documents and responsibilities?
24.4.5. What is FSA? Where do you get it?
24.4.6. In heavy weather an unknown object is rolling in the hold. Master asked you to carry out an FSA whether to send crew or not.
24.4.7. Container lashing parted in heavy weather. Do an FSA weather to send crew or not.
24.4.8. What do you know about ISM?
24.4.9. What is DPA?
24.4.10. What types of mandatory and non mandatory drills are carried on ships? Where do you get it?
24.5. MARPOL 73/78 View MARPOL full version
1. Chapters
2. Special areas
3. Garbage
25.8. What are the requirements of the following as per MSA:
a) Fire pump
b) Fire hose
c) International shore connection
d) Firemen’s outfit
e) Life buoy
25.9. Definition/requirements:
Main vertical zone, A class divisions, Fire extinguishers, Fire control plan, Fire drill, Document of compliance
Anti exposure suit, Thermal protective aid, Radar transponder.
25.10. What is GRT?
26. Survevs and certification
26.1. All statutory certificates: Name and contents. Under which conventions?
26.2. What do you mean by class certificate?
26.3. What are the roles of classification society?
26.4. What is condition of class certificate? When is it issued?
26.5. How would your prepare for a loading survey? Where will you get the checklist?
26.6. How would your prepare for a safety construction survey?
26.7. How would your prepare for a safety equipment survey?
26.8. How will you prepare your ship for safety radio survey?
26.9. How will you prepare your ship for IOPP survey?
26.10. What is enhanced survey?
26.11. What do you know about harmonized system of survey and certification?
26.12. Draw the plimsoll mark, load line mark and timber load line mark, Starboard side.
26.13. What is CLC?
4. MSA CH-243
24.3.1. What are the MARPOL special areas as per.
a) Annex-1.
b) Annex-5.
c) Annex-6.
24.5.2. At sea, 2/E informed you that he wants to pump out bilge. What would you do?
24.5.3. How would you go discharging garbage at sea? How will you dispose of various types of garbage overboard?
24.5.4. What do you know about MARPOL-Annex 6?
24.5.5. How would you discharge oil at sea?
24.5.6. What do you know about Oil Record Book 1 & 2? How will you make entries in them?
24.5.7. What do you know about garbage record book? How will you make entry?
24.5.8. What is SOPEP? What types of ships must carry SOPEP? What are the contents of SOPEP?
24.5.9. What is cargo record book?
24.5.10. What is SMPEP?
25. Merchant shipping regulations
25.1. What are the statutory certificates required for a Singapore registered ship?
25.2. What us the difference between shipping circular and marine circular?
25.3. Define as per MSA:
Net tonnage, Gross tonnage, Tanker.
25.4. What is the difference between Ton and Tonne?
25.5. How will you know that your MSA is up-to-date?
25.6. What are the penalties for the misuse of pyrotechnics?
25.7. What are the testing requirements of steering gears as per MSA?
26.14. What is SMC? How will you obtain SMC?
26.15. Define deck line,
26.16. Every equipment onboard have an equipment certificate, what do you know about it?
26.17. What do you know about IMO?
26.18. What is port state?
26.19. What is flag stage?
26.20. What are validity, extension period, survey frequencies for various SOLAS certificates?
26.21. What is enhanced special coating?
26.22. What is in water survey?
26.23. What marks will you find on anchor?
27. Various equipments 28. Marine circulars: (MPA SINGAPORE)
NO.6 OF 2003 (29/4/03): RADIO RECORDS (SOLAS REG IV/17)
28.2. Shipping circulars: (MPA SINGAPORE)
28.3. IMO Circulars: (View all IMO circulars)
MSC/Circ.1027-28/8/2002: CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS Document of compliance with the special requirements for carrying dangerous goods under the provisions of regulation 11-2/19 of SOLAS 74, as amended.
MSC/Circ. 1014-27/6/2001: Guidance on fatigue mitigation and management
MSC/Circ. 995-27/6/2001: Advise on the dangers of flooding of forward compartments
MSC/Circ. 960-26/4/2001: Medical assistance at see
MSC/Circ. 920-26/4/2001: Model loading and stability manual
MSC/Circ. 919-26/4/2001: Guidelines for damage control plans.
MSC/Circ. 893-26/4/2001: Navigational warnings concerning operations endangering the safety of navigation.
Action dates IMO’s conventions are regularly amended and revised while new instruments/protocols are adopted. The –forthcoming dates of entry into force of amendments/instruments adopted are shown.
Mainframe. Asp? topic_id=148 Conventions
topic_id=374 Depositary Information on IMO Conventions
topic_id=247 Status of Conventions – Summary
topic_id=248 Status of Conventions by country
topic_id=771 Conventions on the International Maritime Organization
topic_id=249 Latest Ratifications
topic_id=262 Action Date (Entry into force dates)
topic_id=250 SOLAS Date of entry into force Convention or Code
topic_id=251 COLREG 1 July 2006
may 2004 amendments to SAR – persons in distress
topic_id=252 STCW 1 July 2006
June 2003 amendments to SOLAS/May 2004 amendments to SOLAS
topic_id=253 SAR 1 July 2006
December 2004 amendments to SOLAS – revised bulk carrier chapter, free-fall-lifeboats, s-VDRs
topic_id= 910 SUA 1 November 2006
July 2005 amendments to Fal
topic_id= 254 load Lines 21 November 2006
July 2005 amendments to MARPOL – revised Annexes VI
topic_id= 255 MARPOL 73/78 1 January 2007
July 2005 amendments to MARPOL – revised Annexes I and II
topic_id= 529 Anti – fouling Systems 1 January 2007
Amendments to IBC and IGC Codes May 2005 amendments to SOLAS
topic_id= 867 Ballast Water Management 1 August 2007
March 2006 amendments to MARPOL – oil fuel yank protection
topic_id= 256 Liability and Compensation Conventions 1 January 2008
May 2006 amendments to SOLAS – LRIT
topic_id= 257 Maritime safety Conventions 1 January 2008
May 2006 amendments to STCW– ship security officers, fast rescue boats
topic_id= 258 Prevention of Marine Pollution conv.1 January 2008
topic_id= 259 Other IMO Conventions 1 July 2010
May 2006 amendments to SOLAS
topic_id= 260 List Conventions Expanded Information
topic_id= 261 Conventions in Development Date of entry into force convention or Code
1 August 2005
April 2004 amendments to MARPOL
Revised Annex IV Regulations for the prevention of pollution by sewage
Annex IV contains a set of regulations regarding the discharge of sewage into the sea, ships’ equipment and systems for the control of sewage discharge, the provision of facilities at ports and terminals for the reception of sewage, and requirements for survey and certification. It also includes a model International Sewage Pollution Prevision Certificate to be issued by national shipping administrations to ships under their jurisdiction.

The revised Annex will apply to new ships engaged in international voyages, of 400 gross tonnage and above or which are certified to carry more than 15 persons. Existing ships will be required to comply with the provision of the revised Annex IV five years after the date of its entry into force. The Annex requires ships to be equipped with either a savage treatment plan or savage community & disinfecting system or a savage holding tank. The discharge of savage into the sea will be prohibited, accept when the ship in the operation an approved savage treatment plant & in discharging comminuted & disinfected savage using & approved system at a distance than 3 nautical miles from the nearest land; or is discharging savage which is not comminuted or disinfected at a distance more than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land.

Also, amendments to appendix to MARPOL Annex v on prevention of pollution by garbage from ship which relate to the recording of the disposal of cargo residue in the Garbage Record Book.

1 July 2006
June 2003 amendments to SOLAS
Chapter V- Safety Of Navigation Amendments to SOLAS regulation v/2 definitions & v/22 Navigation bridge visibility add the definition of “length” to regulation v/2 & a consequential editorial change in made to regulation v/22. The definition state that “length oh a ship means its length overall”. Amendments to SOLAS regulation v/28 on

Records of navigational activities add a new paragraph on daily reporting. The amendment will require all ship of 500 gross of tonnage & above, engaged on internationals voyages exciding 48hrs, to submit daily report to their company, to include ship’s position; ship’s course & speed; and details of any externals or internals conditions that are affecting ship’s voyage or the normal safe operation of the ship. The aim of the amendments is to address the responsibilities responsible for mounting rescue operation.

1 July 2006

May 2004 amendments to SAR-person in distress The amendments to the Annex to the SAR Convection include: * addition of a new paragraph in chapter 2 (Organization & co-ordination) relating to definition of persons in distress; new paragraphs in chapter 3 (co-operation between states) relating to assistants to the masters in delivery persons rescued at sea to a place of safety; and

*a new paragraph in chapter 4 (operating procedures) relating to rescue co-ordinations centers initiating the process of identifying the most appropriate places for disembarking persons found in distress at sea.

1 July 2006 May 2004 amendments to SOLAS

persons in distress at sea Amendments to chapter V (safety of navigation) –
to add a definition of search & rescue services; to set an obligation to provide assistant, regardless of nationality or states of persons in distress, and mandate co-ordination & co-operation between states to assist the ship’s master in delivering persons rescued at sea to a place of safety; and to add a new regulation master’s discretion.

Accidents with lifeboats Amendments to SOLAS chapter III (life-saving appliances & agreements) which are intended to help prevent accidents with lifeboats during drills. The amendments, which are expected to enter into force on 1 July 2006, steam from work by the Sub-Committee on Ship Design & Equipment (DE) intended to address the unacceptability high no. of accidents with lifeboats that have been occurring over recent years. Crew have been injured, sometimes fatally, while participating in lifeboats drills and/or inspections.

The amendments Regulation 19 (Emergency training & drills) & Regulation 20 (Operational readiness, maintenance & inspection) consult the condition in which lifeboats emergency training & drills should be conducted & introduced changes to the operational tests to be conducted during the weekly & monthly inspections, so as not to require the assigned crew to be on board in all cases.

Carriage of immersion suite Amendments to SOLAS chapter III Regulation 32 – Personal life-saving appliances to make changes to the number of immersion suits to be carried on all cargo ships. The amendments introduce carriage requirements for one immersion suit per person on board all cargo ships, including bulk carriers. At present, the regulation requires carriage of at least three immersion suits for each lifeboat on a cargo ship, as well as thermal protective aids for person not provided with immersion suits. With the adoption of the amendments, immersion suits will become, as lifejackets, a personal life-saving appliance for each person on board thus offering better thermal protection and improved chance of survival and rescue. The MSC also adopted consequential amendment to the 1988 SOLAS Protocol relating to the records of equipment.

1 July 2006 December 2004 amendments to SOLAS

Bulk carrier safety A new text for SOLAS chapter XII (Additional safety measures for bulk carriers) incorporates revisions to some regulations and new requirements relating to double-side skin bulk carriers. The amendments include the addition of a new regulation 14 on restrictions from sailing with any hold empty and requirements for double-side skin construction as an optional alternative to single-side skin construction. The option an double-side skin construction will apply to new bulk carriers of 150m in length and over, carrying solid bulk cargoes having a density of 1,000kg/m3 and above.

Free-fall lifeboats on bulk carrier an amendment to regulation 20 of SOLAS chapter III (Life-saving appliances and arrangements) makes mandatory the carriage of free-fall lifeboats on bulk carries.

Simplified Voyage Date Recorders Amendment to regulation 20 of SOLAS chapter V (Safety of Navigation) give a phased-in carriage requirement for a ship borne simplified voyage data recorder (S-VDR). The regulation requires a VDR, which may be an S-VDR, to be fitted on existing cargo ships of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards, phasing in the requirement for cargo ships of 20,000 gross tonnage and upwards first, to be followed by cargo ships of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards.

The S-VDR is not required to store the same level of detailed data as a standard VDR, but nonetheless should maintain a store, in a secure and retrievable form, of information concerning the position, movement, physical status, command and control of a vessel over the period leading up to end following an incident.

Other amendments:
-SOLAS chapter II-1 regulation 18 Construction and initial tests of watertight doors, side scuttles, etc., in passenger ships and cargo ships to allow testing of watertight doors with a prototype pressure test in certain circumstances. Also regulation 45-Precaution test against shock, fire and other hazards of electrical origin to replace the existing paragraph 10 and the addition of a new paragraph 11 in order to control the installation of electric equipment in spaces where flammable mixtures are likely to collect and in hazardous location on tankers.

-SOLAS chapter V regulation 19 Carriage requirements for ship borne navigational system and equipment to add the words ”being clearly readable by the helmsman at the main steering position” in paragraph 2.5 relating to carriage of a gyro compass, or other means to determine and display heading by ship borne nonmagnetic means.

-SOLAS chapter VII regulation 10 to delete the superfluous words “For the purpose of this regulation, the requirements of the Code shall be treated as mandatory”.

-SOLAS chapter V- addition of Simplified Voyage Data Recorder (S-VDR) to the Record of Equipment for the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate (From E).

-International 1 Code For Application Of Fire Test Procedures (FTP Code) in part 2- Smoke and toxicity test – the addition of “(2000 ppm for floor coverings)” in the table of limits in 2.6 Classification creteea, 2.6.2 Toxicity.

-International 1 Code of Safety for High-Speed craft 2000 (2000 HSC Code) relating to buoyant spaces in Chapter 2 – Buoyancy, stability and subdivision.

-International 1 Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code)- to reflect the draft amendment to SOLAR chapter II-1 Regulation 45- Precautions against shock, fire and other hazards of electrical origin, (entry into force date of 1 January 2007)

-STCW Code – amendments to Table A-VI/2-1- specifications of minimum standards of competence in survival craft and rescue boats other than fast

1 November 2006
July 2005 amendments to FAL The amendments are intended to modernize the Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic, 1965 in order to enhance the facilitation of International ,maritime Traffic. The amendments including the following:

* a Recommended Practice for public authorities to develop the necessary procedure in order to use pre-arrival and pre-departure information to facilitate the processing of information, and thus expedite release and clearance of cargo and persons;
* a Recommended Practice that all information should be submitted to a single point to avoid duplication;
* encouragement of electronic transmission of information; and
* the addition of references to the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code and SOLAS chapter XI-2 in the Standards and Recommended Practices which mention security measures; and
* amendments to the IMO Standardized FAL Forms (1 to 7)

Persons rescued at sea As amendments to the SOLAS and SAR Conventions adopted in May 2004 (expected to enter into force on 1 July 2006), relating to persons rescue at sea will place for the first time, obligation on Contracting Governments to “co-ordinate and co-operate” in progressing the matter so that assisted survivors are disembarked from the assisting ship and delivered to a place of safety within a reasonable time; a further amendment relates to persons rescued at sea, to be include in a standard in Section 2- Arrival, stay and departure of the ship, in section H Special measure of facilitation for ships calling at ports in order to put ashore sick or injured crew member, passengers, persons rescued at sea or other persons for emergency medical treatment. The amendment will require public authorities to facilitate the arrival and departure of ships engaged in the rescue of persons in distress at aea in order to provide a place of safety for such persons.

21 November 2006 July 2005 amendments to MARPOL – Annex VI
The amendments to regulation for the Prevent Of Air Pollution from ships in Annex VI include the establishment of the North Sea SOx Emission Control Area (SECA)> The NOx technical Code is also update.

1 January 2007 October 2004 amendments to

MARPOL – revised Annexes I and II Revised MARPOL Annex I (oil) The revised MARPOL Annex I Regulations for the prevention of pollutions by oil incorporates the various amendments adopted since MARPOL entered into force in 1983, including the amended regulation 13G (regulation 20 in the revised annex) and regulation 13H (regulation 21 in the revised annex) on the phasing-in of double hull requirements for oil tankers. It also separate, in different chapters, the construction and equipment provisions from the operational requirements and makes clear the distinctions between the revision provides a more user-friendly, simplified Annex I. New requirements in

the revised Annex I including the following:

* Regulation 22 pump-room bottom protection: on oil tankers of 5,000 tonnes deadweight and above constructed on or after 1 January 2007, the pump-room shall be provided with a double bottom.

* Regulation 23 Accidental oil outflow performance – applicable to oil tankers delivered on or after [date of entry into force of revised Annex I plus 36 months] 1 January 2010;; construction requirements to provided adequate protection against oil pollution in the event of stranding or collision.

Oman Sea – new special area under MARPOL Annex I The Oman Sea area of the Arabian Seas is designated a special area in the revised Annex I. The other special areas in Annex I are: Mediterranean Sea area; Baltic Sea area; Black Sea area; Red Sea area; “Gulfs” area; Gulf of Aden area; Antarctic area; and North West European Waters. In the special areas, there are stricter controls on discharge of oily wastes.

Revised MARPOL Annex II (noxious liquid substance carried in bulk) The revised Annex II Regulations for the control of pollutions by noxious liquid substances in bulk includes a new four-category categorization system for noxious and liquid substance. The revised annex is expected to enter into force on 1 January 2007. The new categories are:

* Category X: Noxious Liquid Substance which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or de-ballasting operations, are deemed to present a major hazard to either marine resources or human health and, therefore, justify the discharge into the marine environment;

* Category Y: Noxious Liquid Substance which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or de-ballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine enjoinment;

* Category Z: Noxious Liquid Substance which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or de-ballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health and therefore justify less stringent restrictions on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment;

* Other Substances: substance which have been evaluated and found to fall outside Category X,Y or Z because they are considered to present no harm to marine resources, human health, amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea when discharged into the sea tank cleaning of de-ballasting operations. The discharge of bilge or ballast water or other residues or mixture containing these substances are not subject to any requirements of MARPOL Annex II. The revised annex includes a number of other significant changes. Improvements in ship technology, such as efficient stripping techniques, has made possible significantly lower permitted discharge levels of certain products which have been incorporated into Annex II. For ships contracted on or after 1 January 2007 the maximum permitted residue in the tank and its associated piping left after discharge will be set at its associated for products in after discharge will be set at a maximum of 75 liters for products in categories X,Y and Z – compared with previous limits which set a maximum of 100 or 300 liters, depending on the product category. Alongside the revision of Annex II, the marine pollution hazards of thousands of chemical have been evaluated by the Evolution of Hazardous Substances Working Group, giving a resultant GESAMP2 Hazard Profile which indexes the substance according to its bioaccumulation; bio-degradation; chromic toxicity; long-term health effects; and effects on marine wildlife and on benthic habitats. As a result of the hazard evaluation process and the new categorization system, vegetable oils which were previously categorized as being unrestricted will now be required to be carried in chemical tankers. The revised Annex includes, under regulation 4 Exemptions, provision for the Administration to exempt ships certified to carry individually identified vegetable oils, subject to certain provision relating to the location of the cargo tanks carrying the identified vegetable oils
An MEPC resolution on Guidelines for the transport of vegetable oils in deep tanks or in independent tanks specially designed for allows general dry cargo ships that are currently certified to carry vegetable oil in bulk to continue to carry these vegetable oils on specific trades.

The guidelines also take effect on 1 January 2007.
Consequential amendments to the IBC Code Consequential amendments to the International Bulk Chemical Code (IBC Code) were also adopted in October 2004, reflecting the changes to MARPOL Annex II. The amendment incorporate revisions to the categorization of certain products relating to their properties as potential marine pollutants as well as revisions to ship type and carriage requirements following their evaluation by the Evaluation of Hazardous Substance Working Group. Ships constructed after 1986 carrying substance identified in chapter 17 of the IBC Code must follow the requirements for design, construction, equipment and operation of ships contained in the code.

1 January 2007 December 2004 – adoption of amendments to Codes by the MSC International Code for the Construction and Equipment of ships Carrying

Dangerous Chemical in Bulk (IBC Code) – revised Code adopted. (See above) International Code for the Construction and Equipment of ships Carrying

Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code) – amendments to reflect the amendments to SOLAS chapter II-1 Regulation 45 – Precautions against shock, fire and other hazards of electrical origin.
May 2005 – amendments to SOLAS

*New SOLAS regulation II-1/3-7 to require ship construction drawing to be maintained on board and ashore.

*New SOLAS regulation II-1/3-8 concerning towing and mooring equipment. The regulation will require all ships to be provided with arrangements, equipment and fittings of sufficient safe working load to enable the safe conduct of all towing and mooting operations associated with the normal operation of the ship.

*New SOLAS regulation II-1/23-8 concerning water level detectors in the cargo hold(s) on new single hold cargo ships other than bulk carriers.

*Amendment to SOLAS regulation II-1/31 Machinery control to restrict the application of propulsion control automatic system to new ships only.
Also, amendment to the Guidelines on the enhanced programmer of inspection during surveys of bulk carries and oil tankers (resolution A.744(18)), as amended
The amendment to the Guidelines on the enhanced programmer of inspection during surveys of bulk carries and oil tankers (resolution A.744(18)), as amended, as amended, incorporate some elements of the Condition Assessment Scheme (CAS) required for certain single hull tankers under the revised MARPOL regulation I/13G and include re-organization of the guidelines to include a new section on survey guidelines for the inspection of double hull tankers.

1 August 2007 March 2006 amendments to MARPOL
MARPOL regulation on oil fuel tank protection The amendment to the revised MARPOL Annex I (which was adopted in October 2004 with entry into force set for 1 January 2007) includes a new regulation 12A on oil fuel tank protection. The regulation I intended to apply to all ships delivered on or after 1 August 2010 with an aggregate oil fuel capacity of 600m3 and above. It includes requirements for the protected location of the fuel tanks and performance standards for accidental oil fuel outflow. A maximum capacity limit of 2500m3 pre oil fuel tank is included in the regulation, with also requires administrations to consider general safety aspects, including the need for maintenance & inspection of wing and double-bottom tank or spaces, when approving the design and construction of ships in accordance with the regulation. Consequential amendments to the IOPP certificate were also adopted.

The MEPC also agreed to include appropriate text referring to the new regulation in the amendments to the Guidelines for the application of the revised the MARPOL Annex I requirements to FPSOs and FSUs and approved the a Unified Interpretation on the application of the regulation to column-stabilized the MODUs.

Definition of heavy grate oil A further amendment to the revised MARPOL Annex I relates to the definition of “heavy grade oil” in regulation 21 on prevention of oil pollution from tankers carrying heavy grade oil as cargo, replacing the word “Fuel oils “with oil, other than crude oils”, thereby broadening the scope of the regulation.

MARPOL Annex IV amendments The amendment to MARPOL Annex IV prevention of pollution by sewage from ships adds a new regulation 13 on port state control on operational requirements. The regulation states that a ship, when in a port or an offshore terminal of another Party concerning operational requirements under the Annex, where are clear with essential shipboard procedures relating to the prevention of pollution by sewage.

Amendments to BCH Code Amendment to the Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemical in Bulk (BCH Code) were adopted as a consequence of the revised Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the amended International code for the Construction & Equipment of Ship carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code), which are expected to enter into force on 1 January 2007. The MEPC also adopted a resolution on Early & effective application of the 2006 amendments to the BCH Code invite MARPOL parties to consider the application of the amendments to the BCH Code, as soon as practically possible, to ships entitled to fly their flag. Also adopt were the revised Guidelines for the provisional assessment of liquids transported in bulk. In this context the committee urged industry, in particular the chemicals industry, to provide information on the revision of List 2 of the MEPC circular which contains pollutant-only mixtures based on section 5 of the revised Guidelines.

1 January 2008 May 2006 amendments to SOLAS-LIRT The new regulation on LRIT is included in SOLAS chapter V on Safety on Navigation, through which LIRT will be introduced as a mandatory requirement for the following ships on internationals voyages: passenger ships, including high-speed craft; cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 300 gross tonnage & upwards; and mobiles offshore drilling units.
The SOLAS regulation on LIRT establishes a multilateral agreement for sharing LIRT information for security & search & rescue purposes, amongst SOLAS contracting Governments, in order to meet the maritime security needs & other concerns of search Governments. It maintains the right of flag states to protect information about the ships entitled to fly their flag, where appropriate, while allowing coastal states access to information about ships navigating of their coasts. The SOLAS regulation on LIRT dose not create or affirm any new rights of states over ships beyond those exiting in international law, particularly, the United nations convention on the law of the sea (UNCLOS), nor does it alter or affect the rights, jurisdiction, duties & obligation of states in connection with UNCLOS.
The LIRT information ships will be required to transmit include the ship’s identity, location & date & time of the position there will be no interface between LIRT & AIS. One of the more important distinctions between LIRT & AIS, apart from the obvious one of range, is that, whereas AIS is a broadcast system, data derived through LIRT will be available only to the recipients who are entitled to receive such information & safeguards concerning the confidentiality of those data have been built into the regulatory provisions. SOALS Contracting Governments will be entitled to receive information about ships navigating within a distance not exceeding 1000 nautical miles off their coast.

There regulation foresees a phased-in implementation schedule for ships constructed before its expected entry into force date of 1 January 2008 and an exemption for ships operating exclusively in sea area all from the requirement to transmit LRIT information, since such ships are already fitted with AIS. It also identifies which authorities may have access to LRIT information. Also adopted were performance standards and functional requirements for LRIT and an MSC resolution on Arrangements for the timely establishment of the long rang identification and tracking system.

1 January 2008

May 2006 amendments to

STCW Convention and STCW Code- security officers, fest rescue boats The amendment add new minimum mandatory training and certification requirements for persons to be designated as ship security officers (BBOs). The amendments to the STCW Conventions and parts A and B of the STCW Code include Requirements for the issued of certificates of proficiency for ships security officer and Guidance training for ship Security officers. Further amendments part A of the STCW Code add additional training requirements for the launching and recovery of fast rescue boat. The amendments for prepared in response to report of injuries to seafarers in numerous incidents involving and launching and recovery of fast rescue boats in adverse weather conditions.

1 January 2008

Amendments to the

IMDG Code The amendments to the IMDG Code (Amendment 33-06) include those prepared on the basis of proposals received from member Governments and Organizations and those prepared by the UN Committee of Experts on the transport of Dangerous Goods and on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of chemicals, They relate to transport of Ethylene Oxide with Nitrogen up to a total pressure of 1Mps (10 bar) at 50 (UN 1040), Polymeric beads (UN 2211), plastic moulding compound (UN 3314), Ammonium Nitrate (UN 1942) and Ammonium Nitrate Fertilizer (UN 2067), segregations provisions for class 8 acids and alkalis when not in limited quantities, and the packing of articles containing dangerous goods in limited quantities. Governments are January 2007, pending their entry into force date on 1 January 2008.

1 January 2009<>

May 2005 amendments to SOLAS

A revised SOLAS chapter, II-1 is intended to harmonize the provisions on subdivision and damage stability for passenger and cargo ships.

The revised provisions in pats A,B and B-1 will be applicable to new ships built after the expected entry into force date of 1 January 2009. The amendments, which have been intensively developed over the past decade, are based on the “probabilistic” method of detailed study of data collected by IMO relating to collision. Because it is based on statistical evidence concerning what actually happens when ships collide, the probabilistic concept is believed to be far more realistic than the previously-used “deterministic” method.
The revision has taken into account the results of the HARDER (Haemonisation of Rules and Design Rational) research project: a project undertaken by a consortium of European industrial, research and academic institutions to study the probabilistic approach for assessing a ship’s damage stability and to develop new criteria and indexes for subdivision based on probability of survival, taking into account effects from waves, heeling moments, cargo shift, transient effects and equalization arrangements.

Also, new SOLAS regulations-XI-1/3-1 and amendments to regulation XI-1/5 on the mandatory company and registered owner identification number. And amendments to add the IMO unique company and registered identification number to relevant certificate and documents in the International Management Code for the Safe operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention (the ISM Code0 and International ship and port Facility Security (ISPS) Code.

1 July 2010

May 2006 amendments to SOLAS

Amendments to SOLAS Chapter II-2 – Fire protection These include amendments relating to Regulation 9 – Containment of fire, so as to include a requirement for water-mist nozzles which should be tested and approved in accordance with the guidelines approved by the Organization; and in Regulation 15 – Arrangements for oil fuel, lubricating oil and under flammable oils, new text relating to the application of the regulation to ships constructed on or after 1 February 1992 and on or after 1 July 1998. Amendments to SOLAS Chapter III – Life-saving appliances and arrangements

In Regulation 7 – Personal life-saving appliances, the amendments add a new requirement for infant lifejackets. For passenger ships on voyage of less than 24 hours, a number of infant lifejackets equal to at least 2.5% of the number of passenger on board is to be provided; and for passenger ships on voyage of 24 hours or greater, infant lifejackets are to be provided for each infant on board. A further amendment relates to the provision of lifejackets provided are not designed to fit persons with a chest girth of up to 1,750 mm, a sufficient number of suitable accessories are to be available on board to allow them to be secured to such persons.

Amendments to SOLAS Chapter V – Safety of navigation The amendment adds a new paragraph to Regulation 22 – Navigation bridge visibility to allow ballast water exchange at sea, provided that the master has determined that it is safe to do so and takes into consideration any increased blind sectors or reduced horizontal field of vision resulting from the operation to ensure that a proper lookout is maintained at all times. The operation should be conducted in accordance with the ship’s ballast water management plan, taking into account the recommendations on ballast water exchange. The commencement and termination of the operation should be recorded in the ship’s record of navigational activities. Amendments to the International Code for Fire Safety System (ESS code) The amendments replace the text of chapter 5 fixed gas fire-extinguishing system with a revised text.

Amendments to the International Life-Saving Appliance (LSA code)

The amendments include the requirement that all life-saving appliances should withstand in stowage an air temperature range of 30 to +65. and personal life-saving appliances should remain operational throughout an air temperature range of -15 to +40. The life-saving appliances is now specified to be “of international or vivid reddish orange, or a comparable highly visible colour on all parts where this will assist detection at sea”. The existing section 2.2 on General requirements for lifejackets is revised and replaced. Further amendments relate to specifications for immersion suite and anti-exposure suits. Amendments to Guidelines for the authorization of organizations acting on behalf of the Administration (Resolution A.739 (18)) The amendments to the guidelines, which are mandatory under SOLAS chapter XI-1, add a new paragraph 2-1 to require the use of only exclusive surveyors and auditors for surveys and certification, although radio surveys may be subcontracted to non-exclusive