The shipping market may see a more positive year in 2019 amid changes in fleet size and shifts in demand for methanol, although ongoing political tensions, growing participation from Russia and looming regulatory change for 2020 could prompt an uncertain couple of years.
VESSEL SPACE TO TIGHTEN FROM 2019 ONWARDS“
2019 will be the year it improves – maybe second half 2019, though, as I don’t expect any dramatic changes over the next few months,” a source said.
The source said that up to around 50% of the 19,000-20,000 deadweight tonne (DWT) stainless steel vessels are nearing 20 years in age, with a tendency to scrap vessels when they hit 15-20 years of age.
There is no significant newbuilding programme in place despite this, which could see vessel space tighten in coming years, with scrapping levels across all shipping market segments said to be at the highest they have been in years.
Growing demand from Asia for methanol is likely to exert further pressure on vessel space, with the source suggesting this could grow threefold, with volumes most likely to be procured from the US.
Methanol is increasingly being transported in bigger volumes, taking larger tonnage out of the chemical tanker segment.
Some shipping companies are looking into investing in larger tankers of 30,000-50,000 DWT as a result.
This will have an impact on the smaller tanker segment in Europe, as larger vessels on deep-sea voyages will not be able to sail into smaller European ports and will need coasters to bring cargoes into port, the source said.
Shortsea vessel operators in Europe are struggling to employ their vessels more than one or two voyages ahead as a result of recent subdued market conditions.
IMO 2020 – SHIPPING COMPANIES GEAR UP FOR FUEL CHANGE
International Maritime Organisation (IMO) sulphur regulations come into effect at the start of 2020 and are expected to shake up the shipping industry, as vessels will need fuels containing 0.5% or less sulphur.
Some expect bunker fuel prices to increase but ships will still need to run and compete for cargoes, leaving owners trying to juggle the need to have fuel costs covered but also to fill vessels.
With little more than a year to go, shipping leaders have said they are still testing, or yet to test, new technologies or fuels that are not widely available.
The deadline cannot be pushed back. And questions remain about who will enforce this, with regions and individual ports potentially being lined up to do this, rather than the IMO.
From the shipowners, ports and engine makers, to the refiners, lubricant manufacturers and additive makers, each link in the marine and fuels supply chain faces unique, though inextricably linked challenges.
TRADE WAR TO CONTINUE TO IMPACT SHIPPING ACTIVITY
Political tensions and decisions may continue to have an impact on the European shipping industry.
The ongoing trade war between the US and China and the decision by the US president to reinstate sanctions on Iran were cited as having an impact on the European shipping market recently, with the outlook unclear for 2019.
Chinese tariffs on many US imports have created opportunities for many Asian and even Latin American players to pick up some of that market share. As a result, some have suggested, overall trade in chemicals between Asia and Europe is slower than it might have been, in both directions.
RUSSIA’S GROWING IMPACT ON SHIPPING One surprising influence on the shipping industry is Russia. And the full impact of Russia’s growing role in chemical tanker shipping has not yet been appreciated, according to a source with business there.
State-owned energy giant Gazprom has begun investing heavily in downstream and chemical markets in recent years, as well as “removing some red tape” in their selling process, the source said.
Russia has gradually increased export volumes in some chemical products to the US since 2014, displacing or dampening some export volumes traditionally delivered from European countries when arbitrage windows open.
Russia’s competitiveness over European oil and petrochemical exports is opportunistic but growing, said the source. Trade ties from Russia to China are strengthening through state-directed, long-term political strategies that involve interconnecting and nearby countries as far as Thailand.
And nowhere can this shift be seen more directly in European waters than in Russia’s growing trading relationship with Turkey and other countries to Europe’s south and east.