28-01-2019

Global crude steel output increases by 4.6% in 2018

Global crude steel production reached 1,808.6 million tonnes (Mt) for the year 2018, up by 4.6% compared to 2017. Crude steel production increased in all regions in 2018 except in the EU, which saw a 0.3% contraction.

Asia produced 1,271.1 Mt of crude steel in 2018, an increase of 5.6% compared to 2017. China’s crude steel production in 2018 reached 928.3 Mt, up by 6.6% on 2017. China’s share of global crude steel production increased from 50.3% in 2017 to 51.3% in 2018. India’s crude steel production for 2018 was 106.5 Mt, up by 4.9% on 2017, meaning India has replaced Japan as the world’s second largest steel producing country. Japan produced 104.3 Mt in 2018, down 0.3% compared to 2017. South Korea produced 72.5 Mt of crude steel in 2018, an increase of 2.0% compared to 2017.

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The EU produced 168.1 Mt of crude steel in 2018, a decrease of 0.3% compared to 2017. Germany* produced 42.4 Mt of crude steel in 2018, a decrease of 2.0% on 2017. Italy produced 24.5 Mt in 2018, up by 1.7% on 2017. France produced 15.4 Mt of crude steel, a decrease of 0.7% on 2017. Spain produced 14.3 Mt of crude steel in 2018, a decrease of 0.1% on 2017.

Crude steel production in North America was 120.5 Mt in 2018, 4.1% higher than in 2017. The US produced 86.7 Mt of crude steel, up by 6.2% on 2017.

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The CIS produced 101.3 Mt, an increase of 0.3%. Russia* produced 71.7 Mt of crude steel in 2018, up by 0.3% on 2017. Ukraine produced 21.1 Mt of crude steel in 2018, a decrease of -1.1% compared to 2017.

Annual crude steel production for South America was 44.3 Mt in 2018, an increase of 1.3% on 2017. Brazil produced 34.7 Mt in 2018, up by 1.1% compared to 2017.


The Middle East produced 38.5 Mt of crude steel in 2018, an increase of 11.7% on 2017. Iran* produced 25.0 Mt in 2018, up 17.7% on 2017.

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Turkey’s crude steel production for 2018 was 37.3 Mt, down by 0.6% on 2017.
Top 10 steel-producing countries
Rank    Country    2018 (Mt)    2017 (Mt)    %2018/2017
1    China    928.3    870.9    6.6
2    India    106.5    101.5    4.9
3    Japan    104.3    104.7    -0.3
4    United States    86.7    81.6    6.2
5    South Korea    72.5    71.0    2.0
6    Russia (e)    71.7    71.5    0.3
7    Germany (e)    42.4    43.3    -2.0
8    Turkey    37.3    37.5    -0.6
9    Brazil    34.7    34.4    1.1
10    Iran (e)    25.0    21.2    17.7

Source: World Steel Association

 

 

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