28-03-2018

India’s Crude Oil import bill may jump by 25% in FY18

India's Crude Oil import bill is likely to jump by a quarter to $87.7 billion in the current fiscal year which ends this weekend as international oil prices have surged.

India had imported 213.93 million tonnes of Crude Oil 2016-17 for $70.196 billion or Rs 4.7 lakh crore. For 2017-18, the imports are pegged at 219.15 million tonnes for $87.725 billion (Rs 5.65 lakh crore), according to the latest data available from oil ministry's Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC).

India relies more than 80% on imports to meet its oil needs.

During first 11 months of current fiscal (April 2017 to February 2018), the country imported 195.7 million tonnes Crude Oil for $63.5 billion.

The basket of Crude Oil that India imports averaged $55.74 per barrel in the April-February period as compared to $47.56 a barrel in 2016-17 and $46.17 in 2015-16.

"April 2017-February 2018 crude oil imports are based on actuals and for March 2018, Crude Oil imports are estimated at crude oil price $65 per barrel and exchange rate Rs 65 to a US dollar," PPAC said.

Every dollar per barrel change in Crude Oil prices impacts the import bill by Rs 823 crore (USD 0.13 billion). The same is also the impact when currency exchange rate fluctuates by Re 1 per US dollar.

Domestic Crude Oil production was almost flat at 32.6 million tonnes in April-February. It was 36 million tonnes in whole of 2016-17 and 36.9 million tonnes in the previous fiscal.

As against this, domestic consumption has been rising -- from 184.7 million tonnes in 2015-16 to 194.6 million tonnes in 2016-17. It was 186.2 million tonnes in first 11 months of 2017-18, according to PPAC.

Data also showed that the share of High Sulphur crude in total Crude Oil processed increased to 75% during April-February, from 72.4% in the corresponding period a year ago. The trend indicates the increasing complexity of state-run refineries.

Source: Commodity Online

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