Second Mate

The Shipping Tribune aims to provide a platform for merchant navy officers appearing for oral examinations. Below are few questions listed, which have been asked by the surveyors in the past. We request officers who have appeared for oral examinations to send us the questions asked of them so that we can post these questions here for the benefit of other officers appearing for oral examinations. The Shipping Tribune is only facilitating this platform and does not take responsibility for any inaccuracy.


  1. What is Magnetic Compass?
  2. Explain construction of Magnetic Compass and its use.
  3. What is the bowl & wet card made of and why?
  4. Why the magnetic compass pointing towards north?
  5. Heeling error bucket corrects which magnetism and when?
  6. Where will you find info regarding positioning of magnets?
  7. How to take compass error? Explain procedure.
  8. What is PAB? What are its uses? Know how to read?
  9. What are the corrections and how are they applied?
  10. In the middle of the ocean the Barometer reading drops. What will be your action?
  11. What is Sextant? What are the uses of Sextant?
  12. Explain principle of Sextant?
  13. Errors in Sextant and how to correct them?
  14. After the errors are corrected, how do you take a sight?
  15. Explain ITP?
  16. What is Hydrometer and what are its uses?
  17. How do you find density of liquid using Hydrometer?
  18. What is Dock Water Allowance?
  19. What is FWA?
  20. What is ISM code? What are its objectives?
  21. What is DOS and when do you exchange?
  22. Explain how you plan passage from port A to Port B
  23. Risk assessment? What is hazard? What is risk?
  24. Enclosed space entry actions?
  25. Fire in a container at sea actions?
  26. Fire in DG Container. To put off fire what will you refer to?
  27. How do you plan and execute maintenance of FFA on board a vsl ?
  28. What are the fixed FFA equipments on board vessel?
  29. As per SOALS what are Liferaft requirements?
  30. Rescue boat requirement?
  31. What is Lugless Joining Shackle? How many parts in it? Uses?
  32. What type of anchor you had onboard ?
  33. What is stockless anchor?
  34. Running moor? When will you use?
  35. Man over board port side actions?
  36. What will be your action, if you could not find the person?
  37. Which different patterns can you use? Which pattern u will use?
  38. If 2 ships are involved in SAR , which pattern will you use?
  39. Where u will find info abt SAR operations?
  40. How will you help your C/O for loadline survey?
  41. Explain principal of EM Log and Doppler’s Log
  42. Which radar you will use for collision avoidance while leaving port?
  43. BOUYAGE

  44. Safe water mark
  45. East cardinal bouy
  46. Preferred channel to stbd lateral mark
  47. Preferred channel to port lateral mark
  48. BUOYAGE IALA REGION-B: (Against the Flow)

  49. Heading 270T
  50. Port Hand Lateral Mark
  51. Preferred Channel to PORT
  52. Isolated Danger Mark
  53. Safe Water mark
  54. South Cardinal Mark
  55. SITUATIONS

  56. PDV on port side?
  57. CBD on port side?
  58. Fishing vsl overtaking sailing vsl whose responsibility to keeps clear?
  59. Sailing vsl overtaking fishing vsl whose responsibility to keep clear?
  60. Fishing vsl on port side of sailing vsl? Action?
  61. NUC seen from port side?
  62. RAM Dredging at anchor?
  63. Vsl engaged in trawling shooting nets?
  64. Towing vsl length of tow less than 200?
  65. Vsl aground?
  66. You are on a deep draught vessel in TSS:
  67. Can a VEF fish in the ITZ?
  68. Can a VEF fish in the lane?
  69. Can a VEF fish in the TSZ?
  70. Can a VEF fish in a direction of the flow of traffic?
  71. You are crossing, PDV on you starboard (far away lane)
  72. Open Sea on a PDV:
  73. RESTRICTED VISIBILITY

  74. Which rule applies in RV?
  75. What other rules applies in restricted visibility?
  76. Use of Radar Plotting i.e. OA, WA, WO in all the situations
  77. Vessel on Fwd of the Beam Stbd side situation, you should put where your W will be? Action?
  78. Vessel on your PORT QUARTER, you should put where W will be? Action?
  79. As Officer of the Watch what are the correct preparations to undertake, when operating in or near and in area of restricted visibility?
  80. What is Weekly Notice to Mariners?
  81. How do you correct a chart that has not been updated for the previous 18 months?
  82. How do you know if your vessel’s Publications are up to date?
  83. How do you know if an Admiralty navigational chart was up to date?
  84. What is Weather Routing Chart? Contents?
  85. How would you go about setting up my RADAR to best aid collision avoidance?
  86. ECDIS’s Requirements & Limitations.
  87. Main Engine Failure when you are on the Bridge and your vsl is about 5 – 6 miles off coast ,what will be your action?
  88. You are on watch at night, Just before you could finish your watch you heard a Fire Alarm. Your action? ( Accomodation Fire )
  89. You are in charge of Emergency team . Your Actions?
  90. You are in charge of Back Up team . Your Actions?
  91. Duties of Ship safety officer?
  92. What will be your duties during Cargo Operations given that the C/O is tired and going down for rest?
  93. Explain about SOLAS Training manual.
  94. Explain Transverse Thrust.
 

We Are Creating More Value For EXIM Trade : Mr. Neeraj Bansal, Dy. Chairman, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust

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