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Second Mate Section 1


Launching of Life Boat in Emergency

As soon as I take orders from Master
Sound singnal, I will wear my PPE with life jacket
proceed to designated station
Established Communication
Collect my crew with PPE and Life Jacket(check whistle,lights etc)
Head count
Brief them their duties once again
Railling removed , see for obstruction remove , proper illmination, boat falls checked
See over board side clear
Don’t mention harbour pins
since they are removed P.O.B or sailing
Gripesto be removed from the deck
Will check overbroadside and lower embarkation ladder
First will send two person in one will start eng another put plugs in life line to be raleased
in boat itself for free most while lowering
Fwd painter to be passed and made fast to strong point , when at embrakation level
Release tracing pendent and make fast bows in tackel
All sit in boat except which man
lower the boat slowly, checking the overside
Release fall hooks together and water borne
Once water borne the finial person to be in boat
Make 45 deg angle less then by boat hook & 90 deg towards wind water side
Before going additionally I will try to bring in chat EPIRB,SART, Binoculars, Extra ration , fresh water, warm clothing, blankets , walki taki &area charts
Notes:stay away from sinking /emergency ground , but stay near the area while lowering falls hooks both to be released together


See for adequate illiumination
Remove guardrails . Obsturction
Rasie raft from deck by davit, hold bowsing lines at each end of raft hold painter line &short red ferline
Slew the davit arm overside , make fast bowsing lines & painters
Check overside obstn,inflate by pulling sharply the red fireline
Once make sure raft is well secured to deck by bowing lines
Ensure all personnel ‘s are correctly wearing their life jacketc
Board the raft make sure it doesn’t tilt since supported by one wire
Once boarding is complete, release bowsing lines and painter and check all clean around below below the raft and then lower away.
Once in water, release the raft and allow to drift clear of immidate danger, before streamingsea anchor Instructions for the
launching in close proximity to the launching station, Emergency lighting means of access drills of above every 4 months by special liferaft


Look overside clear for launching the raft.
Ensure painter is secured to a strong point.
Remove any side railing, obstructions, chain etc
Remove any securing arrangements from the raft itself
If safe to launch then throw the raft to overable checking obstruction
Pull painter to full length to inflate the raft
Once raft is inflated (should normally take 1 to 3mins) dependent on climatic conditions then board as soon as possible by means of rope or ladder provided Never jump directly into a raft from any height
Boarding launching instructions to be placed on container itself or near launching station


Genneral emg alarm.
Other emg alarm
Means : by which abendant ship orders is to be given


Name and rank of crew member
Duties assigned: (State seperately for different emergencies)
Muster point for ( respective emergency)
Alternate muster points
Boat Station (no.1 / no.2)
Person responsible (for maintence of equiments)
Name / Rank of responsible or incharge of respective parties

Emergency boat muster signal

7 or more short blast followed by continous long ringing / sounding of ships bells / whistles


Shall be provided in each crew mess room and recreation room and bridge


Following shall be explained in details;
Donnig of lifejackets, immersion suit and anti exposure suit
Muster at the assigned station.
Boarding, launching and clearing the survial craft
Method of launching from within the survial craft
Release from launching appliances
Method and use of devise for protection in launching area
Illumination in launching areas
Use of all detection equiments.
Use of radio LSA
Use of engine and accessories
Recovery of survial craft and rescue boat (including storage & securing)
Hazards of exposure and need of warm clothing
Best use of craft facilities to survie
Methods helicopter rescue and ship LTA
Contents of muster list and emergency instructions.
Instructions for emergency repair of LSA.


Speed 6kts all lifeboats
    2kts if towing
Fuel : sufficent for 24hrs at 6kts
Positive pressure for min 10 mins if fitted with self contained compression
Freefall lifeboat: drop tested, 1-3 times the height they are certified to drop from the vessel.
Engines: run weekly for 3min( head and astern)
Inspection: visually weekly basis and equiments: (once in a month)
External lifeboat lights: visible range 2 miles, illumination min 12hrs, if flashing light type: 50 flashesh per minutes should be maintained for 12hrs.
Wire falls: every 2.5yrs and renewed every 5yrs unless stainless steel
Launching criteria: in 20 deg list 10 deg trim.
Load test: load tested every 5yrs
Release gear: to be overhauled every 5yrs
Launching instructions reg launch of lifeboat must be displayed in the close proximity and be clearly legible
Life boat capacity: not to be > 150 person
If lifeboat cannot be launched from on boardthen same means must be provided (ladder) for a person to board who is lowering the lifeboat


Makers serial no.
Name or trade mark of manufactures. (tag) inside
Date of manufactures
Name and POR of vessel marked on each bow of craft
Callsign on the thwarts, (for seeing from top)

NOTE: about life boats
Cargo vessel after 1986 – fully enclosed lifeboat
Passengers ships 1986 – totally partly enclosed lifeboat
Oil tankers carrying cargo flash point 60 deg.
Fire protected totally enclosed is fitted with self-contained deluge or sprinkler system
8 min resistance in oil fire
Chemical / gas / toxic tankers
Life boat with air support system.
10min posivite pressure inside.
launching – cargo ships 10min, passenger ship 30mins


Weight : welght of throw over the launch raft not > 185 kgs
Inflate : within I min fully infjate gas non toxic .
Lifer raft exter light as per lifeboat .
Painter : twice the height (length) of itsstowed position to water time at light ship condition or 15
whichever is grater.
mts whichever is grater.
MRU : service annually, Raft:service annually .
HRU : throw away type – validity two years,
Proof tested 100% swl every5 years .
Launching station : a ladder must be provided at each life station ,
If davit launch raft : must be capable of begin launched with on adverse list of 20 deg /trim of
10 deg


Manufacturers name or tarde mark
Serial no.
Capicity of the raft
Dot approved
Solas 86
Type of emergency pack enclosed.
Length of painter line
Maximum height of stowage.
Launching intruction.


Outer dia: not less than 800 mm
Inner dia: not less than 400 mm
Grabline dia: not < 9.5 mm and the length is not less the 4 times the outer diameter of buoy 4 loops
secured in.
Colour: Highly visible (generally Orange)
Retro reflector tape: at 4 evenly spaced points 50 mm * 100 mm
Dropping Height: 30 mts without sustaining any damage


Manufactures name or trademark.
Max height above the water line it can be stored if it exceeds 30 m.
Name and port of registry of the ship
Light: must have an intensity of not less than 2 candela
If flashing then must flash at a rate of 50 flashes per min and be provided with a source of energy
which will give this performance for a period of atleast 2hrs
Buoys with no lines – 2bride wings / 2 self ingniting
Max weight of life buoys 4 kg min – 2.5 kg.
2 with lines
4 with lines
2 with smoke / bridge wing

Life Jackets

Cargo ships and tankers:
32kg and over ; 125% of the capacity of vsl(min 4)
< 32kg and over ; 100% of the capacity of vsl(min 2)
one 32kg ; for each watch keeper and remote survival craft station and inflatable lifejackets

Passenger Ships

32 kg over ; 105% of capacity of vsl
<32 kg over ; 10% of capacity of vsl
one 32 kg for each watch keeper and remote survival craft station and inflatable lifejackets
Jumping in water – 4.5 m height without injury max – 6 m
Jumping in water – 4.5 m height without injury max – 6 m
Keeps head above water – 12 cm


Name or trademark of manufactures
Name and call sign of vsl


Handhold stachions ; dia – 32 mm
    above (b.w) height ; 120 cm
    gap between two ; min 70 cm, max 80 cm.
Man ropes without knots ; dia – 28 mm
( If req by pilot) / ( as per ladder) height – as per ladder
Side ropes : dia – 18 mm
(between two) horizontal gap – 40 cm
vertical gap – 30 – 38 cm
Spreader : length – 180 cm long
breath – 11.5 cm
thickness – 2.5 cm
From bottom 5th step must be a spreader
After max 8 steps between spreader 9th spreader
Ht of ladder above water level as per pilot
Ladder must rest well over ship side
No over board discharge where ladder is placed
Deck (p.b area) lid by fwd shinning overside light
Lifeboat with self igniting light and a responsible to pick up pilot
Space to be clear of any slipper space and obstraction – use of b.w ladder fastened
Ship with height free board ( more than 9 m) when no side door available : combination ladder
Pilot ladder must extened 2 m above lower platform
Accomodation ladder to rest firmly against the ship
Should lead aft
Man slope 55 deg
Lower platform horizontal
Rigid hand rail preffered


Can operate from bridge, locally at door, remote control station
Alarms on bridge, for openning, closing, status light for all doors, low hydraulic pressure
An alarm will be activated out each door when moving until the door is fully opened or closed
Never attempt to pass through a door that is closing
Each door can be operated by backup system in the event of power faliure (by hand hydraulics)


Check for water tight seals for defects Check cleats and mounting for craacks and corrosion Check for hydraulic leaks Chek doors seated correctly when closed and locking cleats are in place Cleanup any oil or grease near water tight doors Report any defect to officer incharge of the maintenance


500 T or 85 m or greater:
100% L/B on each side – totally enclosed
100% L/B on each side (If this is not possible then 200%)
100% L/B (free fall type launched over the stem) and
100% L/R on each side with a davit on side
If vsl is more than 100m then one six man life raft fwd of aft depend on posn of block.


One inflatable life jacket.
One survival suit for each rescue boat crew member
One survival suit for each rescue boat crew member


Use to illuminate
Muster point
Embarkation stn
Routes to survival craft
Survival craft areas and over side of the vsl




Sufficient buoyant oars to make broadway in clam seas.
Crutches or equivalent provided for each ora.
2 boat hooks
A buoyant bailer
2 buckets
A survival manual
A compass
A sea anchor
2 painter (one permanent and 1 quick release)
2 Hatchets (one forward and one aft)
3 ltrs of water per person (valid for 3yrs)
10000 kj of rations per person (valid for 5yrs)
3 rustproof, graduated, drinking vsls
6 hand held flares
4 parachute flares
2 smoke floats
1 torch capable of signaling morse, with spare bulb and batteries
1 signaling mirror
1 singal card (solas no.2)
1 whistle
1 first aid kit (valid for 5yrs)
6 sea sickness tablets for person
1 sea sickness bag per person
1 jack knife
3 tin opners
2 bouyant rescue quoits with 30 m of buoyant line attached
1 manual bilge pump
1 set of fishing tackle
Sufficient tools for minor engine repairs
2 fire extinguishers, suitable for oil fires
1 search light
1 radar reflector
TPA for 10% of capacity of the boat or 2 whichever is greater


2 buoyant paddles
a buoyant boiler, if 13 person or more then 2 boiler
insts on immediate action on boarding raft
a survival manual
2 sea anchor (one rigged and ready for use)
1.5ltrs of water per person(valid for 3yrs)
10000 kj 0f ration per person (valid for 5yrs)
1 rust proof, gradated drinking vsls
6 hand held flares
4 parachute flares
1 torch capable of signaling morse with spare bulb and batteries
2 smoke floats
1 signaling mirror
1 signal card(SOLAS no.2)
1 whistle
1 first aid kit (valid for 5yrs)
6 sea sickness tablets per person
1 sea sickness bag per person
1 safety knife
3 tin openers
1 buoyant rescue quoits with 30 m of buoyant line attached
1 bellows p/p
set of fishing tackle
2 sponges
1 temporary repair kit
1 permanent repair kit (rubber patches)
1 radar reflector
TPA for 10% of the capacity of the boat or 2 wichever is the greater


Outer dia not less than 800 mm
Inner dia not less than 400 mm
Grab must have a dia of not less than 9.5 mm and the length is to be not less than 4 times the outside dia of life buoy and secure in 4 loops
lifebuoys must be brightly visible in colour
Fitted on each side at 4 evenly points retro reflective material 50mm * 100mm in size
Capable in being dropped from a ht of 30 m without sustaining damage
If a line is fitted then a line must be 27.5 m in length
The light must have intensity of not less than 2 candela and if flashing than 50 flashes / minutes and provide with source of energy for atleast 2hrs


Manufactures name
Max ht above the water line ( if exceeds 30m then name of the ship and port of registry )


Min – 8
50% with SI lights
2 with 27.5 m buoyant line
2 with light / smoke float capable of quick release


Under 100 m – min 8
100 m and under 150 – 10
150 m and under 200 m – 12
200 m and over – 14

PYROTECHNICS : ( Valid for 3 yrs)

On bridge : 12 parachute flares / 4 ltr (4 mm dia, 230 m in calm wx)
On life boat : 6 hand flares
4 parachute flares
2 smoke floats


Under 100 m – min 8
Falls at 5 m / seconds
Burn for 40 sec
Intensity 30000 candelas
Burn red in colour


Burn for 1 minute
Intensity 15000 candelas
Burn red in colour


Burns for 2-4 minutes
Omits orange coloured smoke


Orange in colour
Produce for 15min
Intensity of light not less than 2 candelas and if flashing then it must flash at a rate of 50 flash / minute with a source of energy for atleast 2hrs


32 kg and over – 105% of capacity of vsl
Less than 32 kg – 10% of capacity of vsl
Over 32 kg 1/jacket for each water keeper and remove survival craft stn and on inflatable
lifejacket for those who need them
Intensity: 0.75 candela for atleast 8hrs


Passenger ship: 500 t or greater or 200 passenger more
Lifeboats – 50% each side (partially enclosed)
Liferaft – 12.5% each side with davit even on each side
Lifeboats – 37.5% each side
Life rafts – 25% each side
Rescue boats – 2 nos.
In any ease it is 125% of the total persons on board
Passenger ship 500T or 200 persons
Life raft each side – 100% davit launched
Life rafts 150% each side if these are not transfrable
One rescue boat
CPSC holder
Persons 41 or less – 2
42 or 61 – 3
62 to 85 – 4
85 or more – 5
Emergency lighting should be from a seprate emergency power source Illumination required area
Muster points
Embarkation stations
Route to survival craft
Survival craft area
Over the side of the vessel


As per solas 1986 reg
Conical in shape
Porous material and slightly shift
Stable when towed at 6 knots
Mouth shall open immediately on deplayment
Length of painter attached to sea anchor : 30 m Length 8mm dia
Uses :
Reduces drift of the craft
Narrow the search area
Improves the stability of the craft in rough wx
Makes comfortable motion. Therefore reduces risk of capsize


Purpose of sart – indicate position of survival craft
For vessel of 500 or :
atleast one on each side of the vsl or one on each survival craft
Operates at 9 ghs, x – band 3 cm radar
When activated, it will appear on the radar on 12 blips extending outwards from the posn of target
When target is nearer it will become concentric circles
Battery should be capable of 96 ltrs on standby followed by 8hrs of continous interrogation


Purpose: to indicate posn of the person or the person in distress
Freq: 121.5 mhz: homing signal for air craft
406 mhz: only call sign or maritime mobile service identity (mmsi) number
1.6 mhz: also transmits posn with mmsi on gps feed given to it

on 406 mhz EPIRB

Transmit signal to satellite
Set calculate the posn of epirb
Relay the distress and posn to earth station
Lut passes msg to mrcc
MRCC is responsible for co-or with s/r opr. Initially and subsequently
LUT : local user terminal :
MRCC : maritime rescue co-ordinator center
Requirment : 2 EPIRB each side or 1 EPIRB and 2 sarts each side


Location of control stations
Remote controls
Fire fighting equipments
Detection systems
Fire Zones
Ventilation system
Access to spaces
A spare set of the plan are to be kept in a water tight container on the deck house (for fire bridage)


Muster list and location of muster pt
Crew list (no of crew)
General arrangement plan
Safety plan
Cargo plan
Trim stability booklet
Details of fired fire fighting system
Details of w/t doors and ventilation
Details of emergency fire pump
Important telephone nos.
Pumping arrangement
Kept near the gangway along with – ISC and I/buoy lit for the easy and nearest access to eb.


DCP (powder) extra cartridges, foam detergent, spare hose
Spare nozzle, safety harrness, line, ba cylinders, f.mountfit, torch, fire bucket, fire arc
Location of fire locker to be well marked in the plan, and any changes in fire plan would require to be reconstructed


Where is the fire (location)
Means access
Ways of ventilating
Dtls of cgo together with stowage plan
What fire steps have taken
Any person missing
What fixed installation are in use
Condition of ship services
General arrangement plan
Stability data


Muster list>
No person on board>
General arrangement plan>
Detail of fix fire fighting system>
Detail of ventilation of w/t doors>
Details of emergency fire pump>
Important telephone no.>
Cargo plan and manifest>
Trim and stability booklet>
Foam platform>
Foam monitoring proportionating v/v>
Pumping arrangement Safety plan


Fire man
Fire hydrant
Fire hose
Fire nozzle
Emergency fire pump
Main fire pump
Fixed fire fighting installation (co2, halon, foam, water sprinkler)
Portable fire extinguisher
Fire wallet
Ventilation arrangement
W/tight doors, fire doors
Fire man suit
Emergency fire alarm
Fire blanket
Portable foam applicator


Two pump each capable of delevering atleast one jet of water simultaneously from each of any two hydrants, hoses, nozzles.In addition to above one other pump such as g.s bilge, ballast pump shall be capable of delivering water to the fire main
If a fire in any one compartment could put all fire main out of action An independently driven power operated emg fire pump outside machinery space (must be able to
deliver atleast one jet of watch from each of any two hydrants). Cargo ships and tankers – 1000t or greater – 2 pump, 500t – 1000 – 1 pump Passenger ships; >4000t – 3 pumps, <4000t – 2 pumps. Passenger ships; >4000t – 3 pumps, <4000t – 2 pumps.


One hoses for every 30 m length (not less than 5)
Total hoses length atleast 60% of loa
One spare hose
In E/R and machinery spaces atleast 2 hydrant
1 port and stbd. (hose and nozzle at each hydrant)
All nozzle to be spray / jet with shut off facility
Hoses to be max 18 m length
Hose dia 64 mm if unlined
Hose dia 45 mm if lined


Two jets of water on any part of the ship and 1 jett from an single length of hose
For tankers:isolating v/v ‘s at end of accom and every 40 meters


All of approved type of capacity not more than 13.5 1ltrs ¬ less than 9ltrs
Spare charges for 100% of extinguisher
Portable foam applicator consists of air foam nozzel of an indicator type capable of begin connected to fire main by a fire hose are portable tank of 20 ltrs
rate foam 1.5 m3/min


common link between the vsl & shore for presuring fire main line
One to be used on each side of the ship
Out side dia -178 mm, inside dia 64mm , washer -8
Bolts & nuts -4 nos (16 mm dia :150 mm in length , thickness flange – min 14.5 mm)


Fire proof protective clothing outsurface water proof.
Boots and gloves of rubber or non conductive electricity
Rigid helmet
Elecricity safety lamp (min for 3 hrs ).
An axe (approved with cover)
Breathing apparatus
SCBA atleast 1200 ltrs , capacity, function for 30 mins (40 ltrs/min)
fire proof line attached to safety harness


Capable of delivering foam to ensure cargo tank area as well as into cot
Control station & away from cargo area &readily acessible , simple &rapid operation
Rate &foam not less than 0.6 ltrs /m2 min.
Sufficient foam concentrate to produced foam for at least 20 min .
Foam suppiled through foam montiors/application.
6Capacity of any monitors at least 3ltrs /m2 min .
Capicity of any application not less than 400 ltrs / min and turn not less than 15 mtrs


Min discharge rate not less than 0.6 ltrs / min.
System should be able to produced foam for atleast 20 min.
foam supplied for 3 mintor/applicator at lead at 1250 ltrs /min .
Cap of foam monitor at least 3 ltrs/min .
Discharge cap of applicator at least 400 ltrs /min and should be able to throw the down not less that 50 mtrs


Cargo hold :25 % gross volume of cargo hold . Production in 72 hrs


125% max disch volume
02 level 5%
Maintain tank 02 level – 8%

HRU (Hydrostatic release unit)

H20 type:
Easy way to release life rafts , EPIRB’s and others system from sinking ship
Light weight
Expiry every 2 years
After installiation its remain on broad maintance or service ashore for up to two years (Other approved HRU requies annual torting)
it will release at all angles and needs only the required water pressure to activate
Designed to activate at a dept of between 1.5 to 4.0 mtrs
Weak link system, if used shall break under a strain of 2.2 +or 0.4 kn (kilo Newton)


By pass central is fully closed
Open cylinder valves. The whistle should be heard as the pressure raises in the gel. Check cylinder or fully charged
Checks for leaks
With mask on face close cylinder value and hold breath. Observe pressure if it does fall more than set is not leak tight
Check rubber part, o-rings and mask
Clean mask with weak solution of teepol and dried out


2-pull-more line
3-pulls-get me out
3-pulls from operator-came out now
1-pulls (for bellow)-more air


Water – colour red
Foam – colour cream
DCP – colour blue
Co2 – colour black
Halon – colour green
Fire blanket – colour red


Co2 – for e/r and cargo holds
Halon – for e/r and cargo hold
Water springle – ferries and paint locker


Don the appartus then adjust the harness for comfortable fit
Open cylinder valve , put on mask and adjust to fit .
Inhale 2-3 times to ensure that the air is flowing freely from the demand valve and that the exhalation valve is functioning correctly .
Hold breath and make certain that the demand valve is shuting of an exchalation or the leakage if any is slight
Close cylinder value and inhole until the air in the apparatus is exhuasted. listen for the low level audiable alarm , & watch the pressure guage return to zero . The mask should also crush onto the face indicating air tight fit
Re open cylinder values


F – find
I – Inform
R – Restrict
E – Extinguish
Type of fire: A, B, C, D, E


By solids material carbonation, organic componds . Eg.Wood , pulp, paper , textiles etc


By liquid such as petroleum, oil, paint etc
Extinguishing medium: foam, AFFF foam, Co2, Halon, DCP


Gaseous fire, LPG, LNG, Etc
Extinguishing medium: DCP, Halon


Metal fire eg: aluminium, sodium etc
Extinguishing medium: water, foam, AFFF, DCP


Electronic fires, it considered to be possible cause of fire, rather than a type. Fires involving
electricity will therefore because one of the previously mentioned classes of fires, once the power is shut off


500t – 1 accm,, c.station
500t – 1000t – min 3 + 1 spare charge per ext
1000t or over – min 5


>2000t – mobile foam appliance in pump room




Drop test
Bending test
Proof load


Type of anchor
Weight in kg
Weight in stock in kg
Length of shank in mm, length of arm in mm
Daimeter of trend in mm
Proof load applied in tones
Identification of proving house, offical marks, and government mark
Number of test certificate
of tensile test machine
Year of license
Weight of head of the anchor
Number of date of drop test


The markings are to appear on every shackle, at each end of the cable and every 30 mtr along its Length
Serial no. of test certificate
The letter of certifying authorities


Alarms : manual alarm in accommodation spaces is control station continuously manned at all
Crew alarm must be capable of independent operations
Public address system in accommodation / service spaces
Fire detection : all spaces fitted with automatic fire detection and alarm system
Springler System : in all part of ship may be fitted
Fire control plan location : one copy outside the deck home for shore side fire brigade
Fire pump : each pump should supply thr required 2 jets of water from the fire main simultaneously from seprate hydrants
Pump requirments : 4000t or more – 3 pumps
Less than 4000t – 2 pumps
Pump position
Fire in are space should not put all fire pumps out of action


Lifeboat davits
Life raft
Launching instructions both I/ boat, I/ raft
Portable radio equiments
Life buoys .
Life jackets.
Emergency ligthing and alarm systems.
Fire control plans and others posters.
Fire/smoke detecting systems.
Fire pump and emg fire pump.
Fire hoses , nozzel, is couplings.
Fixed fire fighting system , portable fire extinguish.
Vents, doors ,skylight ,remote stops ,switches etc.
Fire mans outfits , breathing apparatus, including scba
Pilot ladder
Navigation equipments, gmdss equipments.
Record/maintain of safety equipments.
offical log book

Additional for tankers:

Fixed fire fighting equipments/system of the cargo p/p room . Deck foam and sprinkle system.
Insert gas system.


Engine and thruster controls / telegraph recorder
Steering gear, including manual, auto pilot and emergency changeover and testing arrangment
(Bell book)
Automatic track keeping system, if fitted
ECDIS and electronic charts, if fitted
IBS system, if fitted
location and operation of ancillary bridge equiment(eg: Binoculars, signaling flags, metrological
Stowage of charts and hydrographic publications
Nautical publication – MIN, MSN, MGN


Fit enough / sound sleep / no alcohol/ aware of time of start of my watch, go 15 min prior to the start of my